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Table 2 Logistic regression analyses on associations between sociodemographic factors and single types of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs)

From: How adverse childhood experiences relate to single and multiple health risk behaviours in German public university students: a cross-sectional analysis

Sociodemographic characteristics PA
(n = 62)
EA
(n = 300)
PN
(n = 64)
EN
(n = 266)
SA
(n = 215)
SubA
(n = 184)
MI
(n = 453)
DV
(n = 473)
SD
(n = 408)
AD
(n = 262)
FP
(n = 150)
B
(n = 251)
PV
(n = 49)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
Female (ref.: male) 1.65 (0.93–2.93) 1.36 (1.03–1.79) 0.86 (0.52–1.44) 0.88 (0.66–1.16) 1.98 (1.42–2.77) 1.05 (0.76–1.44) 0.97 (0.77–1.22) 0.92 (0.74–1.16) 1.02 (0.80–1.29) 0.92 (0.70–1.21) 1.27 (0.87–1.84) 0.50 (0.38–0.65) 0.22 (0.12–0.41)
Individual agea 1.01 (0.95–1.07) 1.00 (0.97–1.04) 0.99 (0.94–1.07) 1.07 (1.03–1.11) 0.96 (0.92–1.01) 1.01 (0.97–1.06) 1.01 (0.97–1.04) 1.03 (0.99–1.06) 1.05 (1.01–1.08) 1.03 (0.99–1.07) 1.02 (0.97–1.07) 1.02 (0.98–1.06) 1.0 (0.94–1.07)
Parental agea 1.04 (0.99–1.09) 1.03 (1.0–1.06) 1.06 (1.0–1.11) 0.99 (0.96–1.02) 1.07 (1.04–1.11) 1.03 (1.0–1.07) 1.02 (0.99–1.04) 1.01 (0.99–1.03) 0.95 (0.93–0.98) 1.01 (0.98–1.03) 0.97 (0.94–1.01) 1.04 (1.01–1.06) 1.08 (1.04–1.13)
Migration background (ref.: none) 3.91 (2.16–7.06) 1.92 (1.37–2.70) 0.62 (0.29–1.33) 2.11 (1.50–2.97) 0.92 (0.58–1.46) 1.11 (0.72–1.69) 1.19 (0.87–1.64) 2.29 (1.69–3.12) 0.67 (0.47–0.95) 1.13 (0.79–1.64) 1.46 (0.93–2.28) 1.0 (0.70–1.45) 1.20 (0.65–2.19)
Low parental education (ref.: high) 2.06 (1.15–3.67) 1.08 (0.81–1.45) 0.97 (0.56–1.67) 1.20 (0.90–1.61) 1.35 (0.96–1.91) 1.24 (0.88–1.73) 0.94 (0.73–1.20) 1.25 (0.98–1.60) 0.87 (0.67–1.13) 0.86 (0.64–1.16) 1.89 (1.30–2.76) 1.42 (1.08–1.87) 1.50 (0.92–2.47)
Family SESa 0.56 (0.39–0.80) 0.71 (0.60–0.85) 0.59 (0.43–0.82) 0.76 (0.63–0.91) 0.78 (0.63–0.97) 0.62 (0.50–0.77) 0.75 (0.64–0.87) 0.85 (0.73–0.99) 0.57 (0.48–0.67) 0.64 (0.54–0.77) 0.37 (0.29–0.47) 0.85 (0.71–1.01) 0.67 (0.49–0.92)
n 1403 1390 1396 1406 1405 1398 1367 1387 1411 1408 1406 1402 1397
R2 0.150 0.057 0.048 0.075 0.058 0.058 0.026 0.058 0.078 0.044 0.174 0.063 0.133
  1. Note: Logistical regression, weighted results; significant values (p < 0.05) are in bold; OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, PA physical abuse, EA emotional abuse, PN physical neglect, EN emotional neglect, SA sexual abuse, SubA substance abuse by household member, MI mental illness in the household, SES socioeconomic status, DV domestic violence, SD parental separation or divorce, AD parental absence or death, FP serious financial problems, B bullying, PV peer violence, SES socioeconomic status; parental age: the parents’ age was calculated by averaging the age of both parents; family SES: low-high family socioeconomic status during childhood
  2. aVariables on individual age, parental age, and family SES were treated as metric variables in the regression models