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Table 1 Factors associated with regular counselling attendance at Prof. Sulianti Saroso Infectious Disease Hospital, Jakarta, N = 880

From: Factors associated with regular counselling attendance of HIV outpatients of a national referral hospital in Jakarta, Indonesia: a cross sectional study

Characteristic Sample N (%) Not regular counselling attendance Regular counselling attendance Univariate
OR (95% CI)
Multivariate
OR (95% CI)
Gender
 Male 626 (71.1%) 148 478 ref  
 Female 235 (26.7%) 39 196 1.56 (1.05–2.30)  
 Missing 19 (2.2%)     
Age
  ≤ 30 years old 221 (25.1%) 37 184 ref  
 31–40 years old 487(55.3%) 103 384 0.75 (0.5–1.13) 0.55 (0.32–0.93)
  ≥ 41 years old 168 (19.1%) 50 118 0.48 (0.29–0.77) 0.30 (0.16–0.55)
 Missing 4 (0.5%)     
Marital status
 Not married 311 (35.3%) 74 237 ref  
 Married 429 (48.8%) 83 346 1.30 (0.91–1.85)  
 Divorced/separated 132 (15.0%) 32 100 0.98 (0.61–1.57)  
 Missing 8 (0.9%)     
Education
 Primary or less 32 (3.6%) 6 26 ref  
 Secondary 719 (81.7%) 158 561 0.82 (0.33–2.03)  
 Tertiary 117 (13.3%) 25 92 0.85 (0.30–2.29)  
 Missing 12 (1.4%)     
Employment
 Full-time 483 (54.9%) 148 335 ref  
 Part-time 186 (21.3%) 35 168 13.25 (5.74–30.58) 10.71 (4.09–28.02)
 Unemployed 203 (23.3%) 6 180 2.12 (1.40–3.20) 1.88 (1.03–3.44)
 Missing 8 (0.5%)     
Income
  ≤ 2.5 mil 282 (32.0%) 67 215 ref  
 2.5–5 mil 276 (31.4%) 43 233 1.69 (1.10–2.58)  
 5–10 mil 56 (6.4%) 16 40 0.78 (0.41–1.48)  
  > 10 mil 14 (1.6%) 3 11 1.14 (0.31–4.22)  
 No income 86 (9.8%) 27 59 0.68 (0.40–1.16)  
 Missing 166 (18.8%)     
Religion
 Islamic 536 (60.9%) 131 405 ref  
 Christian 272 (30.9%) 41 231 1.82 (1.24–2.68) 1.81 (1.21–2.94)
 Other 58 (6.6%) 14 44 1.01 (0.54–1.91)  
 Missing 14     
Other factors
 Hepatitis B or C co-infection
  No 782 (88.9%) 155 627 ref  
  Yes 89 (10.1%) 33 56 0.42 (0.26–0.67) 0.42 (0.24–0.75)
  Missing 9 (1%)     
 Reported history of IDU
  No 512 (58.2%) 111 401 ref  
  Yes 354 (40.2%) 79 275 0.96 (0.69–1.34)  
  Missing 14 (1.6%)     
 Reported household member with HIV
  No 756 (85.9%) 178 578 ref  
  Yes 124 (14.1%) 12 112 2.87 (1.55–5.36) 3.31 (1.70–6.44)
  Missing 0     
 Transmission Source
  Male-to-female 468 (53.2%) 92 376 ref  
  Male-to-male 39 (4.4%) 18 21 0.29 (0.15–0.56) 0.13 (0.04–0.44)
  IDU 354 (40.2%) 77 276 0.88 (0.62–1.23)  
  Other mode of transmission 8 (0.9%) 2 6 0.73 (0.15–3.70)  
  Missing 12 (1.4%)     
 Distance home to hospital
   < 10 km 504 (57.3%) 85 419 ref  
  10 km–20 km 211 (24.0%) 60 151 0.51 (0.35–0.75)  
   > 20 km 165 (18.7%) 45 120 0.54 (0.36–0.82) 0.56 (0.33–0.93)
  Missing 0     
 Years since HIV diagnosis
   < 2 years 315 (35.8%) 65 250 ref  
  2–5 years 346 (39.3%) 68 278 0.94 (0.64–1.38)  
   > 5 years 162 (24.9%) 57 162 0.70 (0.47–1.04)  
  Missing 0     
  1. HIV human immunodeficiency virus, IDU injection drug user, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval