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Table 2 Odds ratios, 95% confidence intervals, and p-values for the outcomes of quit status and medication use

From: Quit outcomes among clients ineligible for cessation medication through the state quitline: a retrospective, observational study

  Quit Status Medication use
Unadjusted Model OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value
Referral type     
 Self-referral Ref   Ref  
 Passive referral 1.04 (0.84, 1.29) 0.72 1.19 (0.96, 1.47) 0.10
 Proactive referral 0.85 (0.73, 0.99) 0.04 0.87 (0.76, 1.01) 0.07
 Proactive vs Passive 0.81 (0.65, 1.02) 0.07 0.73 (0.59, 0.91) 0.01
Adjusted Model     
 Referral type     
 Self-referral Ref   Ref  
 Passive referral 1.12 (0.85, 1.47) 0.42 1.10 (0.85, 1.43) 0.46
 Proactive referral 0.84 (0.68, 1.02) 0.08 0.91 (0.75, 1.09) 0.29
 Proactive vs Passive 0.75 (0.56, 0.99) 0.05 0.82 (0.63, 1.08) 0.15
Age (per 10 years) 0.93 (0.86, 1.01) 0.07 1.08 (1.01, 1.16) 0.02
Gender     
 Female Ref   Ref  
 Male 1.05 (0.87, 1.28) 0.59 0.90 (0.75, 1.07) 0.23
Education     
 High school or less Ref   Ref  
 Some college or more 1.14 (0.95, 1.37) 0.17 1.37 (1.16, 1.63) 0.01
Chronic condition     
 No Ref   Ref  
 Yes 1.00 (0.81, 1.22) 0.96 1.21 (1.00, 1.46) 0.05
Mental health condition     
 No Ref   Ref  
 Yes 0.70 (0.58, 0.85) 0.01 0.96 (0.81, 1.15) 0.69
Fagerstrom test for nicotine dependence 0.92 (0.88, 0.95) <.0001 1.04 (1.00, 1.08) 0.04
Number of coaching sessions before 7 month follow-up     
 0–4 Ref   Ref  
 5+ 2.87 (2.38, 3.45) <.0001 1.32 (1.11, 1.57) 0.01
Social support     
 Good, very good, excellent Ref   Ref  
 Poor, fair 0.98 (0.80, 1.21) 0.87 1.10 (0.91, 1.34) 0.32
Other smokers in the home     
 No Ref   Ref  
 Yes 0.98 (0.81, 1.17) 0.79 0.96 (0.81, 1.14) 0.62
Intention to quit (in the next 30 days) Ref   Ref  
 No, I don’t know 2.29 (1.41, 3.71) 0.01 1.37 (0.94, 1.98) 0.10
 Yes, I have already quit     
  1. Values in bold are statistically significant at the 0.05 level