Skip to main content

Table 1 Personal characteristics of football and tennis players and dropouts, time use, environmental, and motivational factors

From: Time-use and environmental determinants of dropout from organized youth football and tennis

  Total (N = 2555) Football members (N = 1014) Football dropouts (N = 346) Tennis members (N = 602) Tennis dropouts (N = 593)
Socio-demographic factors
 Age (%)
  13–16 52.4 61.4 37.6 44.9 53.3
  17–21 47.6 38.6 62.4 55.1 46.7
  Mean (SD) 16.5 (2.5) 16 (2.3) 17.5 (2.3) 17.1 (2.6) 16.5 (2.5)
Female (%) 39.1 19.7 43.1 59 49.7
 Current education (%)
  No 3.3 3.6 1.4 4.8 2.4
  Low 37.9 57.2 42.2 19.3 21.2
  Middle 38.2 32.4 26.9 43.2 49.4
  High 20.6 6.7 29.5 32.7 27
Sports participation characteristics
 Played in selection team (%)
  Yes 40.4 53 34.7 39.7 22.8
  No/don’t know 59.6 47 65.3 60.3 77.2
 Past sports frequency (tennis/football) (%)
  No or less than once a week 14.7 2 7.5 9.6 45.7
  Once a week 17.2 5.6 14.7 24.6 30.9
  Twice a week 30.6 25.8 68.8 29.6 17.5
   > Twice a week 37.5 66.6 9 36.2 5.9
Time use factors
 Time use indicators at this moment (average hrs per week), mean (SD)
  Tennis/football outside sports club (hrs) 1.7 (2.4) 2.8 (2.6) 0.4 (1.3) 1.9 (2.4) 0.1 (0.5)
  Other sports (hrs) 2.6 (2.8) 2.0 (2.4) 2.2 (2.7) 2.3 (2.5) 4.1 (3.3)
  Other (fixed) hobbies (hrs) 1.5 (2.4) 1.4 (2.4) 1.6 (2.6) 1.5 (2.2) 1.7 (2.5)
  School and homework/studying (hrs) 19.8 (13.9) 17.5 (13.5) 17.9 (13.8) 22.2 (13.9) 22.3 (13.9)
  (Part-time) job (hrs) 7.6 (10.1) 7.6 (10.4) 10.5 (11.3) 7.5 (9.9) 6.2 (8.6)
  Social activities (no of times) 2.6 (1.3) 2.6 (1.4) 2.5 (1.3) 2.4 (1.2) 2.6 (1.4)
 Total amount of time spent on social and other activitiesa at sports club per week past season (hrs) 1.3 (4.7) 1.2 (3.3) 0.4 (1.6) 2.1 (7.0) 1.0 (4.8)
 Changes in job or school situation between membership and dropout time (dropouts)/ during the past year (members) (%)
  Got (part-time) job/increased work hrs 18.9 22.7 19.9 21.9 8.9
  Changed schools/further education 26.2 21.4 23.4 22.1 40.1
Environmental factors
 Travel distance to sports club (km), mean (SD) 3.9 (11.2) 3.6 (9.0) 3.9 (14.0) 6.0 (16.2) 2.5 (4.5)
 Neighbourhood density (%)
  Rural 30.3 32.3 36.4 27.4 26.3
  Hardly – moderately urbanized 40.4 37.2 37.6 42.5 45.4
  Strong – extremely urbanized 29.3 30.6 26 30.1 28.3
Motivational factors
 Motivational orientation for sports during membership, mean (SD)
  Task orientation 0.0 (1.0) 0.1 (1.0) −0.2 (1.1) 0.1 (1.0) −0.1 (0.9)
  Ego orientation 0.0 (1.0) 0.0 (1.0) −0.2 (1.0) 0.1 (1.0) 0.0 (0.9)
  1. aOther activities at the sports club such as (assistant) trainer, bar keeper, committee/board member, arbitrator (only in football)