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Table 5 Level of consideration given to social inequalities in health, summary adapted from PRISMA-equity

From: Supporting parenting to address social inequalities in health: a synthesis of systematic reviews

references title abstract introduction methods results discussion
notion of equity identified in the title research question linked to equity in health results from the analyses of equity in health description corresponds to disadvantaged population description of hypotheses that show intervention can impact equity study design linked to equity results and conclusions correspond to equity applicability to socioeconomic gradients and cultural plurality implications for research, practice and policy corresponding to equity
Miller S. Maguire L.K. Macdonald. Home-based child development interventions for preschool children from socially disadvantaged families. Cochrane systematic reviews.Dec 2011. socially disadvantged families research focused specifically on socially disadvantaged families it is described: no negative impact on the control group no, not in the abstract mention of social disadvantage RCT “habitual residence” family vs socially disadvantaged family (i.e. living in poverty, lone parent, ethnic minority) presentation of interventions by type of social disadvantage targeted. No description of results concerning the possible impact on reducing SIH. interventions targeted disadvantaged populations, stratified according to three categories (poverty, lone parenthood, ethnic minority) yes, mention of the intervention’s positive impact in helping “to eradicate inequalities”
Barlow J. Smailagic N. Huband N. Roloff V. Bennett C.Group-based parent training programmes for improving parental psychosocial health. Cochrane systematic reviews.May 2014. no no no no no no differentiation of fathers-mothers-parents results. No negative impact from the interventions. father-mother distinction no
Barlow J, Smailagic N, Bennett C, Huband N, Jones H, Coren E. Individual and group based parenting programmes for improving psychosocial outcomes for teenage parents and their children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011, Issue 3. targeted at teenage mothers no, the research focused specifically on an a priori disadvantaged population no the target population was considered a priori to be disadvantaged mention of the population as often coming from very disadvatantaged backgrounds, liable to suffer from a lack of social support no no brief comment: “caution should therefore be exercised before the findings are generalised to other social and cultural contexts”. Mention of the value of peer groups. no
Barlow J, Bergman H, Kornør H, Wei Y, Bennett C. Group-based parent training programmes for improving emotional and behavioural adjustment in young children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews August 2016. no no no no the authors wrote: “parental psychosocial adversity and disruptions in the parent-child relationship are significant risk factors for infant emotional, behavioural, eating and sleeping disorders” no no no no
Bryanton J, Beck CT, Montelpare W. Postnatal parental education for optimizing infant general health and parent-infant relationships. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 11. no no no no no no no no no
Bennett C, Underdown A, Barlow J. Massage for promoting mental and physical health in typically developing infants under the age of six months. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 4. no no no no no no no no research perspectives proposing to focus on the impact of baby massage in groups of socially disadvantaged parents
Tiitinen S. Homanen R. Lindfors P. Ruusuvuori J. Approaches used in investigating family support in transition to parenthood. Health Promot Int. 2014 Sep;29(3):518–27. no no no the authors wrote: “A bias towards the perspectives of risk groups […] was detected” improve available knoweldge on the psychological and social factors that enhance family relations and protect children’s development no no studies carried out on “at risk” populations. Little attention given over to universal services need to examine the interventions’ mechanisms to understand which interventions are (in)effective and in what contexts
Lakshman R. Ogilvie. Ong KK. Mothers’ experiences of bottle-feeding: a systematic review of qualitative and quantitative studies. Arch Dis Child. 2009 Aug;94(8). no no no no no no no no no
Entsieh A, Hallström I. First-time parents’ prenatal needs for early parenthood preparation: a systematic review and meta-synthesis of qualitative literature. Midwifery. 2016 Aug;39:1–11. no no no no no no no no no
Welsh J, Strazdins L, Ford L, Friel S, O’Rourke K, Carbone S, Carlon L. Promoting equity in the mental wellbeing of children and young people: a scoping review. Health Promot Int. 2015 Sep;30 Suppl 2:ii36–76. yes: “equity” “equitably”, “inequities”, “social gradients”, “proportionate universalism” “life course trajectories of social and emotional prosperity, or social and emotional disadvantage”, “Interventions need to be ‘matched’ to [...] contexts”, “social determinants shape [...] inequities”, “interventions which are universal but proportionate [...] for addressing inequities” yes yes yes yes, mention of the risk of increased inequalities with certain interventions
Panter-Brick C, Burgess A, Eggerman M, McAllister F, Pruett K, Leckman J. Practitioner Review: Engaging fathers – recommendations for a game change in parenting interventions based on a systematic review of the global evidence. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2014 Nov; 55(11): 1187–1212. no no notion of equity to be developed no no no no yes, mother-father parity notion of equity to be developed
Poole MK, Seal DW, Taylor CA. A systematic review of universal campaigns targeting child physical abuse prevention. Health Educ Res. 2014 Jun;29(3):388–432. no no no no no no no no no
Mcdaid D, Park AL. Investing in mental health and well-being: findings from the DataPrev project. Health Promot Int. 2011 Dec;26 Suppl 1:i108–39. no no no no no no no no to consider a number of levels of approach with some interventions targeted at the general population and some solely at high-risk groups
Perry M, Becerra F, Kavanagh J, Serre A, Vargas E, Becerril V. Community-based interventions for improving maternal health and for reducing maternal health inequalities in high-income countries: a systematic map of research. Global Health. 2015 Jul 1;10:63. yes: “maternal health inequalities” “community-based interventions” no no yes yes yes yes yes
Morrison J, Pikhart H, Ruiz M, Goldblatt P. Systematic review of parenting interventions in European countries aiming to reduce social inequalities in children’s health and development. BMC Public Health. 2014 Oct 6;14:1040. yes: “to reduce social inequalities in children’s health” yes: “reduce inequalities in child health and development”. yes: “universally proportionate”, “specific target population” yes yes yes no no
Piotrowski CC, Talavera GA, Mayer JA. Healthy Steps: a systematic review of a preventive practice-based model of pediatric care. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2009 Feb;30(1):91–103. no no no no no no no they should be carefully examined to determine if they under-represent known racial and ethnic disparities in the health of new mothers and their infants, thereby potentially biasing the reported outcomes “need to study the possibility of adapting the programmes according to different sociocultural groups”.”systematic evaluation of potential barriers to successful implementation involving all key stakeholders, including parents”
Van Vuuren C. L. Reijneveld S.A. Van der Wal M. F. Verhoeff A.P. Neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation characteristics in child (0–18 years) health studies: A review. Health & Place, Vol 29, Sep, 2014 pp. 34–42. “Neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation characteristics” yes yes no, in terms of research methodology yes yes yes yes further research is needed to understand the mechanisms that lead to differences in children’s health in relation to the characteristics of neighbourhood deprivation
Gilmer C. Buchan J. L. Letourneau N. Bennett C. T. Shanker S.G.; Fenwick A. Smith-Chant B. Parent education interventions designed to support the transition to parenthood: A realist review. International Journal of Nursing Studies, Vol 59, Jul, 2016 pp. 118–133. no no no no no no no no no
Geens N. Vandenbroeck M. The (ab)sense of a concept of social support in parenting research: a social work perspective. Child & Family Social Work, 19: 491–500. 2014. no concentrates on target groups thus limiting a diversified approach no no, linked to diversity in relation to diversity emphasis on the variety of potential approaches to parenting support, with the “responsibility” not just lying solely with the parents but also shared between state, school and neighbourhood organisations  
Spiteri G. Xuereb R.B. Carrick-Sen D. Kaner E. Martin C.R. Preparation for parenthood: a concept analysis. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, Vol 32(2), Mar, 2014 pp. 148–165. no no sex, culture and spirituality all influence the concept no no, linked to diversity in relation to diversity in relation to diversity parenting is unique to each individual, affected by cultural and societal expectations no
Halford W. Kim Petch J. Couple Psychoeducation for New Parents: Observed and Potential Effects on Parenting. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, Vol 13(2), Jun, 2010 pp. 164–180. no no no no no no no an aid specifically for the poorest families that would lead to a reduction in their stress and hence an improvement in the couple’s relationship and consequently their parenting skills no