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Table 2 Comparison of scores in the RBC Learn to Play–CAPL project by either missing or not missing the pedometer step counts

From: An exploratory analysis of missing data from the Royal Bank of Canada (RBC) Learn to Play – Canadian Assessment of Physical Literacy (CAPL) project

Variable Has steps Missing steps Cohen’s d
n Mean score SD n Mean score SD  
Age 6592 10.61 1.17 3337 10.58 1.23 0.03
Physical Competence domain
 PACER 20 m shuttle run (/42) 6362 19.79 9.23 3031 20.07 9.97 −0.03
 Overall obstacle course score (CAMSA) (/42) 6428 31.13 5.70 3060 30.57 6.07 0.10
 Handgrip strength (/17) 6525 8.77 4.24 3143 9.11 4.29 −0.08
 Plank (/17) 6498 7.89 4.59 3111 7.65 4.67 0.05
 BMI z-score (/17) 6390 14.07 4.33 3022 13.91 4.46 0.04
 Waist circumference (/17) 6377 11.72 4.60 3018 11.54 4.66 0.04
 Sit and reach (/8) 6503 5.03 2.39 3117 4.72 2.37 0.13
 Physical Competence domain score (/32) 6385 19.68 4.31 3003 19.44 4.57 0.05
Daily Behaviour domain
 Step count (pedometer) (/21) 6640 10.28 4.98
 Self-reported sedentary time (/8) 6506 5.15 2.91 3264 4.94 3.00 0.07
 Self-reported MVPA (/3) 6522 2.18 0.90 3267 2.12 0.96 0.07
 Daily Behaviour domain score (/32) 6526 17.58 6.30 3257 20.51 9.58 −0.39
Knowledge and Understanding domain
 Physical activity comprehension and understanding (/5) 6542 3.62 1.44 3272 3.55 1.48 0.05
 Minutes of daily PA guideline question (/1) 6554 0.64 0.48 3279 0.60 0.49 0.09
 Screen time guideline question (/1) 6554 0.14 0.35 3283 0.16 0.37 −0.05
 Cardiorespiratory fitness definition (/1) 6549 0.58 0.49 3273 0.54 0.50 0.08
 Muscular strength/endurance definition (/1) 6552 0.76 0.43 3277 0.71 0.45 0.11
 Meaning of healthy question (/5) 6563 4.00 0.93 3293 3.89 0.97 0.12
 Safety gear use during PA question (/1) 6563 0.34 0.28 3293 0.30 0.29 0.16
 Improve sport skill question (/1) 6534 0.51 0.50 3264 0.47 0.50 0.08
 Get in better shape question (/1) 6535 0.81 0.39 3269 0.78 0.42 0.08
 Preferred leisure time activity question (/1) 6551 0.74 0.44 3284 0.70 0.46 0.08
 Knowledge and Understanding domain score (/18) 6533 12.15 2.67 3264 11.70 2.85 0.16
Motivation and Confidence domain
 Activity level compared to peers question (/1) 6574 0.72 0.21 3291 0.71 0.22 0.05
 Skill level compared to peers question (/1) 6574 0.67 0.23 3289 0.67 0.24 0.00
 Benefits-to-barriers ratio (/4) 6508 1.60 1.14 3238 1.53 1.22 0.06
 CSAPPA predilection scores (/6) 6460 4.84 0.96 3168 4.73 1.02 0.11
 CSAPPA adequacy scores (/6) 6460 4.71 0.91 3168 4.65 0.94 0.06
 Motivation and Confidence domain score (/18) 6458 12.55 2.68 3167 12.30 2.83 0.09
Overall CAPL score (/100) 6529 61.95 10.78 3252 64.13 14.57 −0.17
  1. BMI body mass index, CAMSA Canadian Agility and Movement Skill Assessment, CAPL Canadian Assessment of Physical Literacy, CSAPPA Children’s Self-Perception of Adequacy in and Predilection for Physical Activity, MVPA moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity, PA physical activity, PACER Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run, RBC Royal Bank of Canada, SD standard deviation