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Table 1 Descriptive characteristicsa of participants stratified by weight statusb

From: Associations between domains of physical literacy by weight status in 8- to 12-year-old Canadian children

  Total sample
(n = 8343)
Healthy- weight
(n = 5307)
Overweight/obese
(n = 3036)
Difference
p valuec
Cohen’s d
effect sized
Gender (girl) 4183 (50.1%) 2715 (51.2%) 1468 (48.4%) 0.007
Age (years) 10.6 ± 1.2 10.6 ± 1.2 10.6 ± 1.1 0.080 0.04
Height (cm) 144.2 ± 9.9 142.7 ± 9.7 146.8 ± 9.7 <  0.001 0.42
Weight (kg) 40.1 ± 11.4 34.6 ± 6.6 49.8 ± 11.6 <  0.001 1.75
BMI (kg/m2) 19.0 ± 3.8 16.8 ± 1.5 22.9 ± 3.4 <  0.001 2.58
Waist circumference (cm)e 67.4 ± 10.7 61.7 ± 5.6 77.3 ± 10.3 <  0.001 2.05
  1. BMI body mass index
  2. aData are presented as mean ± standard deviation or n (%)
  3. bBody weight status was defined according to the World Health Organization reference data [20]
  4. cp values were assessed using multivariate analysis of variance (continuous variables) and a chi-squared test (categorical variable)
  5. dEffect sizes are considered negligible if < 0.2, small if between 0.2 and 0.5, moderate if between 0.5 and 0.8, and important if > 0.8
  6. eSample sizes for waist circumference were n = 5242 and n = 2976 for healthy-weight and overweight/obese, respectively