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Table 4 Descriptive characteristics of participants stratified by adherence to Canadian physical activity guidelines (PAG) (n = 2956) and sedentary behaviour guidelines (SBG) (n = 2879)

From: The relationship between physical literacy scores and adherence to Canadian physical activity and sedentary behaviour guidelines

  Meeting PAG
(n = 577)
Not meeting PAG
(n = 2379)
Cohen’s d p
Age, yr 10.5 (1.2) 10.6 (1.2) −0.13 0.01
Physical Competence (/32) 21.3 (4.2) 19.4 (4.2) 0.44 < 0.0001
Motivation and Confidence (/18) 13.3 (2.3) 12.4 (2.6) 0.39 < 0.0001
Knowledge and Understanding (/18) 12.1 (2.7) 12.1 (2.7) 0.01 0.51
  Meeting SBG
(n = 1633)
Not meeting SBG
(n = 1246)
Cohen’s d p
Age, yr 10.5 (1.2) 10.8 (1.1) −0.28 < 0.0001
Physical Competence (/32) 20.2 (4.3) 19.3 (4.2) 0.21 < 0.0001
Motivation and Confidence (/18) 13.1 (2.4) 12.0 (2.7) 0.42 < 0.0001
Knowledge and Understanding (/18) 12.1 (2.6) 12.2 (2.8) −0.04 0.42
  1. Data are shown as mean (SD)
  2. p value for differences between those meeting physical activity guidelines and sedentary behaviour guidelines versus those not meeting the guidelines (MANOVA test)
  3. Chi-squared test revealed more boys (27%) met PAG than girls (14%) (p < 0.0001)
  4. Chi-squared test revealed more girls (62%) met SBG than boys (50%) (p < 0.0001)
  5. Effect sizes were considered negligible if < 0.2, small if between 0.2–0.5, moderate if between 0.5–0.8, and important if > 0.8
  6. Physical activity guideline adherence was defined as attaining ≥12,000 steps, measured by pedometer, on ≥6 days/week [17]. Sedentary behaviour guideline adherence was defined as ≤2 h screen time/day on weekdays and weekends [10, 11]
  7. A Pearson correlation coefficient of − 0.10 (p < 0.0001) was calculated between physical activity step counts and hours of screen time, demonstrating that these variables are not strongly correlated