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Table 6 Tertiles of cardiorespiratory fitness across components of physical literacy for 12-year-old boys and girls

From: Cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with physical literacy in a large sample of Canadian children aged 8 to 12 years

20mSRT (# laps) Boys (n = 531) Girls (n = 526)
low CRF medium CRF high CRF Cohen’s d low CRF medium CRF high CRF Cohen’s d
12.5 (3.9) 26.6 (4.9) 51.9 (13.1)   12.5 (3.0) 21.0 (2.9) 39.0 (10.9)  
Physical Literacy
 Total CAPL score 55.5 (12.0) 66.7 (11.3)a 73.3 (10.2)b,c* 1.60 58.5 (10.7) 64.7 (10.0)a 71.7 (10.3)b,c* 1.26
Physical Competence domain
 Total domain score 18.4 (4.0) 22.2 (3.5)a 25.1 (2.8)b,c* 1.94 19.5 (3.9) 21.9 (3.8)a 24.8 (3.4)b,c* 1.45
 Prone plank score (sec) 42.3 (21.4) 65.9 (34.1)a 87.5 (41.9)b,c* 1.36 44.3 (23.6) 57.1 (35.5)a 93.9 (58.7)b,c* 1.11
 Sit-and-reach score (cm) 22.3 (8.1) 24.3 (7.7) 25.2 (7.6)c* 0.37 31.3 (9.0) 31.1 (8.6) 33.4 (8.8)b 0.24
 Waist circumference (cm) 76.5 (14.2) 70.8 (9.9)a 66.0 (6.4)b,c* 0.95 74.9 (11.5) 71.2 (10.8)a 67.9 (7.6)b,c* 0.72
 Handgrip score (kg) 39.5 (11.6) 42.9 (9.7)a 46.0 (11.1)b,c* 0.57 38.6 (11.4) 40.0 (8.9) 42.5 (8.7)b,c* 0.39
 BMI (kg/m2) 21.8 (5.1) 19.9 (3.9)a 18.1 (2.4)b,c* 0.93 21.6 (4.8) 20.0 (3.8)a 18.6 (2.5)b,c* 0.78
 CAMSA score 29.8 (5.8) 34.3 (4.3)a 37.0 (3.4)b,c* 1.52 30.4 (5.3) 33.3 (4.1)a 35.6 (4.4)b,c* 1.07
Daily Behaviour domain
 Total domain score 14.4 (7.8) 18.3 (8.0)a 20.3 (8.0)b,c* 0.75 15.1 (7.6) 17.1 (7.6) 19.6 (7.4)b,c* 0.60
 Average daily step counts 10,080 (3441) 12,132 (4337)a 13,837 (4457)b,c* 0.94 9048 (2683) 9851 (2948) 11,132 (3251)b,c* 0.70
 Self-reported screen time (h/day) 3.6 (2.3) 2.8 (1.8)a 2.6 (1.9)c* 0.47 3.0 (1.9) 2.5 (1.9) 2.1 (1.5)c* 0.52
 Average days/week meeting the guidelines 4.4 (2.1) 4.9 (1.8) 5.6 (1.7)b,c* 0.63 4.4 (1.7) 4.8 (1.9) 5.4 (1.5)b,c* 0.62
Motivation and Confidence domain
 Total domain score 11.0 (3.5) 12.7 (2.8)a 14.4 (2.1)b,c* 1.18 11.2 (2.9) 12.2 (2.6)a 13.5 (2.3)b,c* 0.88
 Benefits and barriers 1.3 (1.4) 1.5 (1.2) 2.1 (1.0)b,c* 0.66 1.2 (1.2) 1.5 (1.1) 1.8 (1.0)c* 0.54
 Activity levels compared to peers 0.6 (0.2) 0.7 (0.2)a 0.8 (0.1)b,c* 1.27 0.6 (0.2) 0.7 (0.2) 0.8 (0.2)b,c* 1.00
 Skill level compared to peers 0.6 (0.3) 0.7 (0.2)a 0.8 (0.2)b,c* 0.79 0.6 (0.2) 0.6 (0.2)a 0.7 (0.2)b,c* 0.50
 CSAPPA adequacy score 4.3 (1.1) 4.9 (0.9)a 5.3 (0.6)b,c* 1.13 4.3 (0.9) 4.6 (0.9)a 5.1 (0.8)b,c* 0.94
 CSAPPA predilection score 4.2 (1.2) 4.9 (1.0)a 5.3 (0.7)b,c* 1.12 4.4 (1.1) 4.8 (1.0)a 5.1 (0.8)b,c* 0.73
Knowledge and Understanding domain
 Total domain score 11.6 (2.8) 13.1 (2.4)a 13.4 (2.3)c* 0.70 12.4 (2.7) 13.2 (2.4)a 13.6 (2.2)c* 0.49
 CAPL questionnaire score 11.6 (2.8) 13.1 (2.4)a 13.4 (2.3)c* 0.70 12.4 (2.7) 13.2 (2.4)a 13.6 (2.2)c* 0.49
  1. Note: All variables are presented as means (±SD). Statistical significance for the main effect was assessed using ANCOVA controlling for maturity offset. Bonferroni (Dunn) t-test was used to assess differences between groups. Cohen’s d was used to calculate the effect size between the low and high CRF groups
  2. 20mSRT 20-m shuttle run test, ANCOVA analysis of covariance, BMI body mass index, CAMSA Canadian Agility and Movement Skill Assessment, CAPL Canadian Assessment of Physical Literacy, CRF cardiorespiratory fitness, CSAPPA Children’s Self-Perception and Adequacy in and Predilection for Physical Activity, SD standard deviation
  3. ap < 0.05 for medium CRF vs low CRF
  4. bp < 0.05 for high CRF vs medium CRF
  5. cp < 0.05 for high CRF vs low CRF
  6. *p < 0.001 for main effect