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Table 4 Tertiles of cardiorespiratory fitness across components of physical literacy for 10-year-old boys and girls

From: Cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with physical literacy in a large sample of Canadian children aged 8 to 12 years

20mSRT (# laps) Boys (n = 1201) Girls (n = 1175)
low CRF medium CRF high CRF Cohen’s d low CRF medium CRF high CRF Cohen’s d
11.0 (3.0) 21.4 (3.9) 42.6 (10.0) 10.0 (2.1) 16.7 (2.1) 32.0 (9.9)
Physical Literacy
 Total CAPL score 56.4 (11.4) 63.6 (10.5)a 71.9 (9.2)b,c* 1.50 57.3 (10.2) 63.4 (9.7)a 69.6 (9.9)b,c* 1.22
Physical Competence domain
 Total domain score 17.8 (3.8) 20.5 (3.5)a 23.7 (3.4)b,c* 1.64 17.9 (3.8) 20.4 (3.4)a 23.1 (3.3)b,c* 1.46
 Handgrip score (kg) 31.4 (7.9) 32.8 (8.2)a 35.7 (7.6)b,c* 0.56 30.1 (7.7) 31.2 (7.7)a 32.8 (7.3)b,c* 0.36
 Prone plank score (sec) 40.7 (31.7) 56.8 (35.3)a 85.7 (51.5)b,c* 1.05 40.5 (28.8) 55.7 (32.6)a 80.1 (46.2)b,c* 1.03
 Sit-and-reach score (cm) 24.4 (7.5) 25.7 (7.4)a 26.4 (7.4)c* 0.27 28.6 (7.7) 30.1 (8.0)a 32.4 (8.5)b,c* 0.47
 Waist circumference (cm) 72.4 (12.9) 66.6 (9.1)a 62.8 (6.5)b,c* 0.94 72.2 (12.3) 66.5 (8.8)a 63.5 (7.7)b,c* 0.85
 BMI (kg/m2) 20.6 (4.7) 18.7 (3.2)a 17.4 (2.2)b,c* 0.87 20.7 (4.5) 18.8 (3.2)a 17.6 (2.8)b,c* 0.83
 CAMSA score 27.8 (5.8) 31.5 (4.5)a 34.7 (4.0)b,c* 1.39 27.4 (5.3) 29.7 (4.8)a 32.9 (4.6)b,c* 1.11
Daily Behaviour domain
 Total domain score 15.7 (7.6) 18.3 (7.4)a 21.5 (6.7)b,c* 0.81 16.7 (7.1) 18.4 (6.9)a 20.5 (7.1)b,c* 0.54
 Average daily step counts 10,923 (3696) 12,327 (3935)a 13,907 (4026)b,c* 0.77 10,065 (3126) 10,771 (3825) 11,569 (3668)c* 0.44
 Self-reported screen time (h/day) 3.3 (2.3) 2.7 (1.9)a 2.2 (1.6)b,c* 0.56 2.4 (1.9) 1.9 (1.5)a 1.9 (1.5)c* 0.29
 Average days/week meeting the guidelines 4.5 (2.1) 5.1 (1.9)a 5.8 (1.5)b,c* 0.71 4.5 (1.9) 5.0 (1.9)a 5.3 (1.5)c* 0.48
Motivation and Confidence domain
 Total domain score 11.8 (2.9) 12.8 (2.6)a 14.2 (2.1)b,c* 0.95 11.2 (2.9) 12.2 (2.5)a 13.2 (2.2)b,c* 0.78
 Benefits and barriers 1.4 (1.3) 1.6 (1.1)a 2.1 (1.1)b,c* 0.58 1.3 (1.2) 1.4 (1.1) 1.7 (1.0)b,c* 0.36
 Activity levels compared to peers 0.7 (0.2) 0.7 (0.2)a 0.8 (0.2)b,c* 0.50 0.6 (0.2) 0.7 (0.2)a 0.7 (0.2)b,c* 0.50
 Skill level compared to peers 0.6 (0.3) 0.7 (0.2)a 0.8 (0.2)b,c* 0.78 0.6 (0.2) 0.6 (0.2)a 0.7 (0.2)b,c* 0.50
 CSAPPA adequacy score 4.5 (1.0) 4.9 (0.9)a 5.2 (0.7)b,c* 0.81 4.2 (1.0) 4.6 (0.9)a 4.9 (0.8)b,c* 0.77
 CSAPPA predilection score 4.5 (1.1) 4.9 (0.9)a 5.3 (0.7)b,c* 0.87 4.5 (1.1) 4.8 (1.0)a 5.2 (0.8)b,c* 0.83
Knowledge and Understanding domain
 Total domain score 11.4 (2.8) 12.0 (2.6)a 12.5 (2.6)b,c* 0.41 11.6 (2.7) 12.4 (2.4)a 12.8 (2.4)c* 0.47
 CAPL questionnaire score 11.4 (2.8) 12.0 (2.6)a 12.5 (2.6)b,c* 0.41 11.6 (2.7) 12.4 (2.4)a 12.8 (2.4)c* 0.47
  1. Note: All variables are presented as means (±SD). Statistical significance for the main effect was assessed using ANCOVA controlling for maturity offset. Bonferroni (Dunn) t-test was used to assess differences between groups. Cohen’s d was used to calculate the effect size between the low and high CRF groups
  2. 20mSRT 20-m shuttle run test, ANCOVA analysis of covariance, BMI body mass index, CAMSA Canadian Agility and Movement Skill Assessment, CAPL Canadian Assessment of Physical Literacy, CRF cardiorespiratory fitness, CSAPPA Children’s Self-Perception and Adequacy in and Predilection for Physical Activity, SD standard deviation
  3. ap < 0.05 for medium CRF vs low CRF
  4. bp < 0.05 for high CRF vs medium CRF
  5. cp < 0.05 for high CRF vs low CRF
  6. *p < 0.001 for main effect