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Table 2 Tertiles of cardiorespiratory fitness across components of physical literacy for 8-year-old boys and girls

From: Cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with physical literacy in a large sample of Canadian children aged 8 to 12 years

20mSRT (# laps) Boys (n = 522) Girls (n = 524)
low CRF medium CRF high CRF Cohen’s d low CRF medium CRF high CRF Cohen’s d
9.4 (2.7) 19.5 (3.6) 39.5 (11.2)   9.5 (2.1) 15.9 (1.9) 31.1 (10.6)  
Physical Literacy
 Total CAPL score 55.1 (10.8) 62.1 (10.3)a 67.7 (9.8)b,c* 1.22 58.7 (9.9) 62.7 (9.9)a 67.1 (8.3)b,c* 0.92
Physical Competence domain
 Total domain score 17.5 (3.4) 20.0 (3.2)a 22.4 (3.0)b,c* 1.53 17.4 (3.8) 19.8 (3.2)a 21.3 (3.2)b,c* 1.11
 Handgrip score (kg) 25.5 (6.8) 26.8 (5.6) 29.3 (5.6)b,c* 0.61 24.5 (5.9) 24.9 (5.4) 26.8 (5.3)b,c* 0.41
 Prone plank score (sec) 37.6 (27.2) 51.9 (34.5)a 72.0 (41.5)b,c* 0.98 39.3 (21.6) 54.9 (37.3)a 74.0 (50.6)b,c* 0.89
 Sit-and-reach score (cm) 26.1 (6.7) 27.1 (7.0) 28.1 (6.8)c* 0.30 29.8 (7.0) 32.0 (6.5)a 32.1 (7.5)c* 0.32
 Waist circumference (cm) 63.2 (9.0) 60.8 (6.9)a 59.0 (4.4)b,c* 0.59 64.4 (9.8) 60.8 (7.7)a 59.2 (6.6)c* 0.62
 BMI (kg/m2) 18.1 (3.4) 16.9 (2.3)a 16.6 (1.9)c* 0.55 18.3 (3.5) 16.9 (2.5)a 16.7 (2.5)c* 0.53
 CAMSA score 23.7 (6.0) 28.5 (5.3)a 31.2 (5.1)b,c* 1.35 23.5 (5.7) 26.3 (5.7)a 28.9 (5.4)b,c* 0.97
Daily Behaviour domain
 Total domain score 16.3 (7.9) 19.3 (7.3)a 21.6 (6.9)b,c* 0.71 18.8 (7.4) 20.2 (7.1) 21.9 (6.4)c* 0.45
 Average daily step counts 11,369 (3786) 13,589 (3907)a 14,218 (3471)c* 0.78 11,270 (3479) 11,773 (3242) 11,758 (3283) 0.14
 Self-reported screen time (h/day) 3.2 (2.4) 2.4 (1.8)a 2.1 (2.0)c* 0.50 2.2 (2.0) 1.9 (1.8) 1.6 (1.5)c 0.34
 Average days/week meeting the guidelines 4.4 (2.3) 4.7 (2.4) 5.4 (1.9)b,c* 0.47 4.5 (2.3) 4.8 (2.1) 5.2 (1.8)c 0.34
Motivation and Confidence domain
 Total domain score 11.5 (2.8) 12.3 (2.5)a 13.2 (2.3)b,c* 0.66 12.0 (2.3) 11.9 (2.5) 13.2 (2.1)b,c* 0.54
 Benefits and barriers 1.3 (1.4) 1.5 (1.3) 1.8 (1.2)c* 0.38 1.4 (1.2) 1.3 (1.2) 1.6 (1.1)c 0.17
 Activity levels compared to peers 0.7 (0.3) 0.7 (0.2) 0.8 (0.2)c* 0.39 0.7 (0.2) 0.7 (0.2) 0.8 (0.2)b* 0.50
 Skill level compared to peers 0.7 (0.3) 0.7 (0.3) 0.8 (0.2)b,c* 0.39 0.7 (0.2) 0.7 (0.2) 0.7 (0.2) 0.00
 CSAPPA adequacy score 4.5 (0.9) 4.6 (0.8) 4.9 (0.8)b,c* 0.47 4.5 (0.9) 4.5 (0.8) 4.9 (0.8)b,c* 0.47
 CSAPPA predilection score 4.3 (1.0) 4.8 (0.9)a 5.0 (0.9)c* 0.74 4.6 (0.9) 4.8 (0.9) 5.2 (0.7)b,c* 0.74
Knowledge and Understanding domain
 Total domain score 9.8 (2.7) 10.5 (3.0) 10.4 (2.6) 0.23 10.5 (2.5) 10.7 (2.6) 10.7 (2.6) 0.08
 CAPL questionnaire score 9.8 (2.7) 10.5 (3.0) 10.4 (2.6) 0.23 10.5 (2.5) 10.7 (2.6) 10.7 (2.6) 0.08
  1. Note: All variables are presented as means (±SD). Statistical significance for the main effect was assessed using ANCOVA controlling for maturity offset. Bonferroni (Dunn) t-test was used to assess differences between groups. Cohen’s d was used to calculate the effect size between the low and high CRF groups
  2. 20mSRT 20-m shuttle run test, ANCOVA analysis of covariance, BMI body mass index, CAMSA Canadian Agility and Movement Skill Assessment, CAPL Canadian Assessment of Physical Literacy, CRF cardiorespiratory fitness, CSAPPA Children’s Self-Perception and Adequacy in and Predilection for Physical Activity
  3. ap < 0.05 for medium CRF vs low CRF
  4. bp < 0.05 for high CRF vs medium CRF
  5. cp < 0.05 for high CRF vs low CRF
  6. * p < 0.001 for main effect