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Table 7 Correlates of total screen time (n=8307)

From: The relationship between sedentary behaviour and physical literacy in Canadian children: a cross-sectional analysis from the RBC-CAPL Learn to Play study

Variable All participants Boys (n=4143) Girls (n=4164)
Unstandardized β (95% CI) Standardized β p value Unstandardized β (95% CI) Standardized β p value Unstandardized β (95% CI) Standardized β p value
Minimally adjusted models
 CAPL domain scores
  Total Physical Literacy -0.048 (-0.052; -0.045) -0.277 <0.001 -0.057 (-0.062; -0.052) -0.320 <0.001 -0.038 (-0.043; -0.033) -0.223 <0.001
  Knowledge and Understanding score -0.078 (-0.093; -0.062) -0.110 <0.001 -0.090 (-0.113; -0.067) -0.125 <0.001 -0.063 (-0.084; -0.042) -0.095 <0.001
  Motivation and Confidence score -0.214 (-0.229; -0.200) -0.300 <.0001 -0.250 (-0.271; -0.229) -0.340 <0.001 -0.172 (-0.192; -0.152) -0.254 <0.001
  Physical Competence score -0.092 (-0.101; -0.082) -0.204 <0.001 -0.107 (-0.121; -0.094) -0.241 <0.001 -0.070 (-0.084; -0.057) -0.158 <0.001
 Individual CAPL components
  Age (years) 0.136 (0.101; 0.170) 0.083 <0.001 0.101 (0.048; 0.154) 0.058 <0.001 0.170 (0.126; 0.215) 0.115 <0.001
  Gender (boy=1, girl=2) -0.569 (-0.651; -0.488) -0.148 <0.001 - - - - - -
  CAPL site -0.0001 (-0.0001; -0.00002) -0.033 0.002 -0.0001 (-0.0001; -0.00002) -0.040 0.010 -0.00004 (-0.0001; 0.00001) -0.026 0.095
  Season -0.001 (-0.039; 0.037) -0.0005 0.966 -0.017 (-0.075; 0.041) -0.009 0.564 0.014 (-0.035; 0.063) 0.009 0.580
  BMI z-score 0.091 (0.059; 0.123) 0.060 <0.001 0.099 (0.053; 0.146) 0.065 <0.001 0.081 (0.038; 0.125) 0.056 <0.001
  Waist circumference (cm) 0.016 (0.012; 0.020) 0.089 <0.001 0.017 (0.011; 0.023) 0.092 <0.001 0.015 (0.010; 0.020) 0.089 <0.001
  Most time children should spend in front of a screen (hours/day) 0.017 (0.016; 0.017) 0.421 <0.001 0.017 (0.016; .018) 0.439 <0.001 0.017 (0.015; 0.018) 0.397 <0.001
  Frequency of PA (days/week) -0.167 (-0.188; -0.146) -0.165 <0.001 -0.176 (-0.207; -0.144) -0.168 <0.001 -0.157 (-0.185; -0.128) -0.165 <0.001
  Ln plank -0.578 (-0.651; -0.505) -0.167 <0.001 -0.632 (-0.741; -0.523) -0.175 <0.001 -0.518 (-0.614; -0.422) -0.161 <0.001
  Sit and reach (cm) -0.018 (-0.023; -0.013) -0.079 <0.001 -0.028 (-0.0037; -0.020) -0.104 <0.001 -0.011 (-0.017; -0.004) -0.050 0.001
  Grip strength (kg) -0.013 (-0.018; -0.008) -0.063 <0.001 -0.022 (-0.030; -0.015) -0.104 <0.001 -0.002 (-0.009; 0.004) -0.012 0.479
  CAMSA score -0.081 (-0.092; -0.070) -0.161 <0.001 -0.107 (-0.124; -0.090) -0.201 <0.001 -0.054 (-0.069; -0.039) -0.116 <0.001
  PACER (laps completed) -0.026 (-0.029; -0.023) -0.194 <0.001 -0.029 (-0.033; -0.025) -0.227 <0.001 -0.021 (-0.025; -0.016) -0.138 <0.001
Fully adjusted models
 CAPL domain scores
  Knowledge and Understanding score -0.028 (-0.043; -0.013) -0.039 <0.001 -0.032 (-0.054; -0.010) -0.044 0.005 -0.024 (-0.045; -0.003) -0.036 0.025
  Motivation and Confidence score -0.183 (-0.198; -0.167) -0.255 <0.001 -0.210 (-0.233; -0.187) -0.285 <0.001 -0.151; -0.173; -0.130 -0.223 <0.001
  Physical Competence score -0.045 (-0.055; -0.035) -0.100 <0.001 -0.054 (-0.068; -0.40) -0.121 <0.001 -0.031 (-0.045; -0.017) -0.071 <0.001
 Individual CAPL components
  Age (years) 0.099 (0.062; 0.136) 0.060 <0.001 0.074 (0.018; 0.130) 0.043 0.009 0.116 (0.068; 0.164) 0.078 <0.001
  Gender (boy=1, girl=2) -0.405 (-0.486; -0.325) -0.105 <0.001 - - - - - -
  CAPL site -0.00003 (-0.0001; 0.000003) -0.017 0.082 -0.00003 (-0.0001; 0.00002) -0.016 0.255 -0.00003 (-0.0001; 0.00001) -0.018 0.197
  Waist circumference (cm) 0.004 (-0.0001; 0.009) 0.024 0.055 0.002 (-0.004; 0.009) 0.011 0.515 0.007 (0.001; 0.013) 0.041 0.021
  Most time children should spend in front of a screen (hours/day) 0.015 (0.015; 0.016) 0.393 <0.001 0.015 (0.014; 0.016) 0.400 <0.001 0.016 (0.015; 0.017) 0.380 <0.001
  Frequency of PA (days/week) -0.101 (-0.121; -0.082) -0.100 <0.001 -0.084 (-0.117; -0.058) -0.084 <0.001 -0.116 (-0.143; -0.090) -0.123 <0.001
  Ln plank -0.196 (-0.0275; -0.117) -0.057 <0.001 -0.113 (-0.232; 0.005) -0.031 0.059 -0.283 (-0.388; -0.178) -0.088 <0.001
  Sit and reach -0.002 (-0.007; 0.003) -0.010 0.363 -0.010 (-0.018; -0.003) -0.038 0.008 0.004 (-0.002; 0.010) 0.018 0.214
  Grip strength (kg) -0.002 (-0.007; 0.003) -0.010 0.440 -0.002 (-0.010; 0.005) -0.010 0.571 -0.003 (-0.009; 0.004) -0.014 0.443
  CAMSA score -0.015 (-0.027; -0.003) -0.030 0.014 -0.023 (-0.041; -0.005) -0.044 0.011 -0.009 (-0.024; 0.007) -0.019 0.271
  PACER (laps completed) -0.009 (-0.013; -0.006) -0.070 <0.001 -0.012 (-0.017; -0.008) -0.095 <0.001 -0.005 (-0.010; 0.0004) -0.031 0.072
  1. Minimally adjusted models adjusted for age and gender. Standardized β for age and gender in minimally adjusted models ranged from 0.057 to 0.137 and -0.185 to -0.122, respectively. Fully adjusted models included all variables significant (p<0.10) in minimally adjusted models (as well as age and gender in the model of CAPL domains). Separate fully adjusted models were run for CAPL domains and individual CAPL components. Bolded variables were significant <0.10 in minimally adjusted models, and <0.05 in fully adjusted models. The fully adjusted models of CAPL domain scores and CAPL components accounted for 13% and 23%, respectively, of the total variance in total screen time in the full sample
  2. BMI body mass index, CAMSA Canadian Agility and Movement Skill Assessment, CAPL Canadian Assessment of Physical Literacy, CI confidence interval, Ln natural log transformation, PA physical activity, PACER Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run