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Table 2 Hierarchical linear multiple regression analysis predicting perceived susceptibility to T2D (n = 1205)

From: Who perceives a higher personal risk of developing type 2 diabetes? A cross-sectional study on associations between personality traits, health-related behaviours and perceptions of susceptibility among university students in Denmark

Predictors Step 1a Step 2b
B 95% CI β p B 95% CI β p
(Constant) 4.498 3.896–5.099   .000 4.534 3.949–5.120   .000
Age .000 −.016–.015 −.001 .971 −.012 −.027–.003 −.042 .118
Gender
 0 = Male; 1 = Female
.013 −.151–.177 .004 .875 −.016 −.175–.144 −.005 .847
Parental education
 0 = Other; 1 = University
−.179 −.304–−.054 −.076 .005* −.138 −.259–−.017 −.058 .026*
Parental birthplace
 0 = Other; 1 = Both parents born in DK
−.062 −.225–.101 −.020 .458 −.028 −.186–.130 −.009 .727
Family history of T2D
 0 = No/Don’t know; 1 = Yes
.516 .381–.651 .202 .000** .440 .308–.572 .172 .000**
Openness −.056 −.112–.001 −.054 .054 −.055 −.110–.000 −.053 .052
Conscientiousness −.202 −.253–−.150 −.214 .000** −.172 −.222–−.122 −.182 .000**
Extraversion −.044 −.084–−.004 −.061 .032* −.035 −.074–.004 −.049 .076
Agreeableness .057 −.022–.116 .053 .057 .051 −.006–.108 .047 .082
Emotional stability −.106 −.153–−.058 −.127 .000** −.097 −.143–−.050 −.116 .000**
BMI
 0 = Underweight/normal weight; 1 = Overweight/obese
     .469 .328–.609 .174 .000**
Prior T2D screening
 0 = No; 1 = Yes
     .257 .070–.445 .072 .007*
Composite PA
 0 = Below recommended level; 1 = At or above recommended level
     −.298 −.420–−.176 −.127 .000**
Sweets consumption
 0 = Less than once a day; 1 = Once a day or more
     .268 .063–.472 .068 .010*
  1. aStep 1: adj. R2 = .135, Fchange (10, 1194) = 19.77, p < .001; bStep 2: adj. R2 = .193, Fchange (4, 1190) = 22.66, p < .001
  2. *p < .05; **p < .001