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Table 6 Bivariate Analysis of Explanatory Variables by Smoking Status

From: Determinants of cigarette smoking and smoking intensity among adult males in Ghana

Explanatory Cigarette Smoking   
Variables No Yes F-statistic P-value
Age Category    44.195 0.0000
 15–29 years 0.476 0.203   
 30–44 years 0.339 0.321   
 45–59 years 0.185 0.475   
Education 9.278 4.894 8.579 0.0000
Age*Education (Other)    12.032 0.0006
 Old*educated 0.156 0.273   
Use of TV (Never)    51.646 0.0000
 Sometimes 0.843 0.624   
Wealth category    26.844 0.0000
 Lower 0.335 0.635   
 Middle 0.189 0.211   
 Higher 0.476 0.154   
Religious affiliation    60.165 0.0000
 Other religion 0.087 0.324   
 Christianity 0.744 0.359   
 Muslim 0.169 0.317   
Religion    6.054 0.0000
 Western 0.116 0.072   
 Central 0.097 0.078   
 Greater Accra 0.214 0.126   
 Volta 0.077 0.071   
 Eastern 0.100 0.056   
 Ashanti 0.181 0.168   
 Brong Ahafo 0.082 0.100   
 Northern 0.076 0.191   
 Upper East 0.035 0.095   
 Upper West 0.022 0.044   
  1. Column proportions reported. Survey design accounted for in estimations. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1. Source: Computed by authors from GDHS 2014