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Table 3 Unadjusted and adjusteda odds ratios for reporting seeing/talking to someone from a child protection organization about difficulties at home by age group at the time mandatory reporting introduced in Ontario in 1965/first introduced in current province of residence, household populationb aged 18 or older, 2012

From: Does mandatory reporting legislation increase contact with child protection? – a legal doctrinal review and an analytical examination

  Year of birth
Born before/ during the year mandatory reporting first introduced in Canada (i.e., 1965 or earlier) Born before/during the year mandatory reporting first introduced in current province of residence but after 1965 Born after the year mandatory reporting first introduced in current province of residence
Unadjusted Odds Adjusted Odds Unadjusted Odds Adjusted Odds
Odds among those reporting: (reference) Odds 95% CI Odds 95% CI Odds 95% CI Odds 95% CI
Any childhood maltreatment   2.2* (1.2, 4.2) 2.3* (1.2, 4.4) 4.3** (3.0, 6.1) 4.2** (2.9, 6.1)
Childhood physical abuse (CPA)   2.7** (1.4, 5.5) 3.2** (1.5, 6.7) 4.0** (2.7, 6.1) 4.0** (2.6, 6.2)
 Slapped on face head or ears, hit or spanked with something hard   3.1** (1.5, 6.3) 3.8** (1.8, 8.2) 3.9** (2.5, 6.1) 4.0** (2.5, 6.3)
 Pushed, grabbed, shoved, something thrown at   2.9* (1.3, 6.6) 3.7** (1.5, 9.0) 4.7** (2.8, 7.8) 4.2** (2.6, 7.0)
 Kicked, bit, punched, choked, burned, attacked   2.6* (1.0, 6.5) 3.4* (1.3, 9.2) 4.3** (2.5, 7.2) 3.9** (2.4, 6.4)
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA)   1.3 (0.6, 2.9) 1.3 (0.6, 2.8) 4.8** (3.0, 7.6) 4.1** (2.5, 6.7)
 forced (attempted forced) unwanted sexual activity   1.9 (0.8, 4.5) 1.7 (0.7, 4.4) 3.2** (1.8, 5.7) 2.6** (1.5, 4.8)
 unwanted sexual touching   1.3 (0.6, 2.9) 1.3 (0.6, 2.8) 4.7** (2.9, 7.5) 4.0** (2.4, 6.7)
Childhood exposure to intimate partner violence (CEIPV)   1.6 (0.7, 3.8) 1.9 (0.7, 4.9) 5.1** (2.8, 9.3) 5.3** (3.0, 9.5)
Number of childhood maltreatment types
 1 type   2.9 (1.0, 8.6) 2.6 (0.9, 7.9) 3.6** (2.2, 5.9) 3.7** (2.2, 6.2)
 2 types   2.5* (1.2, 5.0) 2.5* (1.1, 5.4) 7.2** (3.9, 13.3) 6.4** (3.6, 11.4)
 3 types   1.5 (0.3, 6.3) 1.8 (0.4, 7.3) 4.6** (2.0, 10.6) 5.4** (2.1, 13.6)
More than ten times
 For any childhood abuse question   3.2** (1.5, 7.0) 4.0** (1.7, 9.4) 3.7** (2.3, 6.2) 4.0** (2.4, 6.8)
 Slapped on face head or ears, hit or spanked with something hard   4.6** (1.9, 11.0) 5.7** (2.0, 16.1) 5.1** (3.0, 8.9) 5.9** (3.2, 10.8)
 Pushed, grabbed, shoved, something thrown at   4.8** (1.7, 13.6) 6.0** (1.8, 20.6) 6.6** (3.4, 12.9) 6.2** (3.2, 12.1)
 Kicked, bit, punched, choked, burned, attacked   4.7* (1.2, 18.1) 10.1** (1.9, 52.8) 5.9** (2.4, 14.4) 6.1** (2.3, 16.3)
 Forced/attempted forced unwanted sexual activity   2.0 (0.6, 7.6) 2.5 (0.5, 14.1) 3.1* (1.0, 9.5) 2.4 (0.7, 8.1)
 Unwanted sexual touching   2.0 (0.7, 5.3) 1.8 (0.4, 7.6) 2.4 (0.9, 6.2) 1.9 (0.7, 5.3)
 Exposure to intimate partner violence   2.3 (0.8, 6.4) 3.0 (0.9, 10.3) 5.0** (2.1, 12.0) 6.0** (2.6, 14.1)
No childhood maltreatment reported   0.7 (0.3, 1.6) 0.9 (0.4, 2.3) 2.7** (1.6, 4.4) 3.1** (1.8, 5.3)
  1. Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Community Health Survey -- Mental Health, 2012 (share file)
  2. CI Confidence interval
  3. aAdjusted for sex, income, education, race/ethnicity, and province
  4. bExcluding immigrants to Canada
  5. *Significantly different from reference group (p < 0.05)
  6. **Significantly different from reference group (p < 0.01)