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Table 2 Percent reporting seeing/talking to someone from a child protection organization about difficulties at home by year of birth (birth cohort) when mandatory reporting introduced in Canada or Current Province of Residence, Household Populationc Aged 18 or Older, 2012

From: Does mandatory reporting legislation increase contact with child protection? – a legal doctrinal review and an analytical examination

% among those reporting: Total Year of birth
Estimate 1 Estimate 2   Estimate 3   
Born before/during the year mandatory reporting first introduced in Canada (i.e., 1965 or earlier) Born before/during the year mandatory reporting first introduced in current province of residence but after 1965 Born after the year mandatory reporting first introduced in current province of residence
% 95% CI % 95% CI % 95% CI Difference between Estimate 2 and Estimate 1 % 95% CI Difference between Estimate 3 and Estimate 2 Difference between Estimate 3 and Estimate 1
Any childhood maltreatment 8.6 (7.3, 9.9) 4.1 (3.0, 5.1) 8.6 (4.0, 13.1)b 4.5 15.3 (12.3, 18.3)a 6.7 11.2
Childhood physical abuse (CPA) 9.1 (7.5, 10.8) 4.3 (3.0, 5.6) 11.0 (4.8, 17.1)b 6.7 15.4 (12.0, 18.8)b 4.4 11.1
 Slapped on face head or ears, hit or spanked with something hard 9.7 (7.9, 11.6) 4.6 (3.1, 6.1) 13.0 (5.7, 20.3)b 8.4 16.0 (12.3, 19.8)b 3.0 11.4
 Pushed, grabbed, shoved, something thrown at 16.5 (13.0, 20.0) 7.6 (4.8, 10.4) 19.3 (8.2, 30.4)b 11.7 27.8 (20.7, 34.9)b 8.5 20.2
 Kicked, bit, punched, choked, burned, attacked 17.0 (13.3, 20.8) 8.4 (5.4, 11.4) 19.4 (7.1, 31.6) 10.9 28.2 (20.6, 35.8)b 8.9 19.8
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) 11.3 (9.2, 13.4) 6.2 (4.1, 8.3) 8.2 (3.0, 13.4) 2.0 24.1 (18.9, 29.3)a 15.9 17.9
 forced (attempted forced) unwanted sexual activity 14.3 (11.3, 17.3) 9.2 (5.7, 12.7) 15.9 (5.7, 26.2) 6.7 24.6 (17.8, 31.3)b 8.7 15.4
 unwanted sexual touching 11.8 (9.6, 14.0) 6.5 (4.2, 8.8) 8.4 (3.1, 13.8) 1.9 24.5 (19.2, 29.9)a 16.1 18.0
Childhood exposure to intimate partner violence (CEIPV) 19.8 (15.4, 24.1) 9.2 (5.6, 12.7) 14.2 (5.9, 22.6) 5.1 34.1 (25.0, 43.1)a 19.8 24.9
Number of childhood maltreatment types
 1 type 4.7 (3.7, 5.6) 2.3 (1.4, 3.2) 6.4 (0.8, 12.0) 4.1 7.9 (5.9, 9.8)b 1.5 5.6
 2 types 14.2 (10.2, 18.3) 5.1 (3.2, 7.1) 11.8 (5.6, 18.1) 6.7 28.0 (18.4, 37.5)a 16.1 22.8
 3 types 27.5 (20.3, 34.6) 16.6 (7.8, 25.3) 22.6 (3.7, 41.6) 6.1 47.8 (35.0, 60.7)a 25.2 31.3
More than ten times
 For any childhood abuse question 13.5 (10.8, 16.3) 6.8 (4.5, 9.2) 19.3 (8.8, 29.8) 12.4 21.6 (15.8, 27.4)b 2.3 14.7
 Slapped on face head or ears, hit or spanked with something hard 13.6 (10.4, 16.8) 5.5 (3.6, 7.5) 21.2 (8.4, 33.9)b 15.6 23.0 (16.1, 29.9)b 1.9 17.5
 Pushed, grabbed, shoved, something thrown at 20.9 (15.0, 26.8) 8.0 (5.0, 10.9) 29.5 (10.7, 48.3) 21.5 36.4 (23.8, 48.9)b 6.9 28.4
 Kicked, bit, punched, choked, burned, attacked 27.7 (18.0, 37.4) 11.6 (7.0, 16.3) 38.1 (11.4, 64.8) 26.5 43.9 (25.2, 62.6)b 5.8 32.3
 Forced/attempted forced unwanted sexual activity 26.2 (17.3, 35.1) 18.1 (10.7, 25.5) 31.1 (7.9, 54.3) 13.0 40.9 (17.8, 63.9) 9.7 22.8
 Unwanted sexual touching 21.6 (14.6, 28.7) 15.9 (9.8, 21.9) 26.9 (9.9, 44.0) 11.1 30.8 (13.3, 48.3) 3.9 14.9
 Exposure to intimate partner violence 22.9 (15.8, 29.9) 11.0 (5.6, 16.5) 22.0 (8.0, 35.9) 10.9 38.4 (23.6, 53.3)b 16.5 27.4
No childhood maltreatment reported 1.9 (1.4, 2.4) 1.1 (0.7, 1.5) 0.7 (0.2, 1.3) −0.4 2.9 (1.9, 3.9)a 2.2 1.8
  1. Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Community Health Survey -- Mental Health, 2012 (share file)
  2. CI Confidence interval
  3. aSignificantly higher than Estimate 2
  4. bSignificantly higher than Estimate 1
  5. cExcluding immigrants to Canada