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Table 2 Association between educational attainment and high-duration of TV viewing for each cohort and each current working status

From: Association between education and television viewing among older working and retired people: a comparative study of Finland and Japan

  Crude model Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
  PR 95% CI PR 95% CI PR 95% CI PR 95% CI
Finland
Working (n = 699)
 Low: ≤9 years 1.00 ref. 1.00 ref. 1.00 ref. 1.00 ref.
 Middle: 10–12 years 0.87 (0.51 – 1.47) 0.90 (0.52 – 1.54) 0.93 (0.55 – 1.55) 0.96 (0.56 – 1.62)
 High: ≥13 years 0.55 (0.33 – 0.92) 0.59 (0.36 – 0.98) 0.77 (0.47 – 1.26) 0.78 (0.47 – 1.29)
Retired (n = 10,045)
 Low: ≤9 years 1.00 ref. 1.00 ref. 1.00 ref. 1.00 ref.
 Middle: 10–12 years 0.82 (0.76 – 0.88) 0.83 (0.77 – 0.90) 0.89 (0.82 – 0.95) 0.89 (0.83 – 0.95)
 High: ≥13 years 0.54 (0.50 – 0.58) 0.54 (0.50 – 0.59) 0.67 (0.62 – 0.72) 0.68 (0.63 – 0.73)
Japan
Working (n = 739)
 Low: ≤9 years 1.00 ref. 1.00 ref. 1.00 ref. 1.00 ref.
 Middle: 10–12 years 0.77 (0.54 – 1.09) 0.74 (0.53 – 1.05) 0.73 (0.51 – 1.03) 0.75 (0.53 – 1.06)
 High: ≥13 years 0.62 (0.42 – 0.92) 0.62 (0.42 – 0.92) 0.61 (0.41 – 0.91) 0.63 (0.42 – 0.93)
Retired (n = 1754)
 Low: ≤9 years 1.00 ref. 1.00 ref. 1.00 ref. 1.00 ref.
 Middle: 10–12 years 0.76 (0.66 – 0.88) 0.75 (0.65 – 0.87) 0.77 (0.67 – 0.89) 0.79 (0.68 – 0.91)
 High: ≥13 years 0.63 (0.53 – 0.74) 0.61 (0.51 – 0.73) 0.64 (0.54 – 0.77) 0.66 (0.55 – 0.79)
  1. PR: prevalence ratio, CI: confidence interval
  2. Model 1: crude model + age and sex
  3. Model 2: model 1 + household size, smoking, alcohol, body mass index, current chronic disease, and common mental disorders
  4. Model 3: model 2 + moderate/vigorous physical activity