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Table 1 Descriptive data of participants for each cohort and each current working status

From: Association between education and television viewing among older working and retired people: a comparative study of Finland and Japan

  Finland Japan
  Total Working Retired Total Working Retired
  (n = 10,744) (n = 699) (n = 10,045) (n = 2,493) (n = 739) (n = 1,754)
Daily TV viewing (n, %)
 <2 hours 1,309 12.2% 156 22.3% 1,153 11.5% 455 18.3% 183 24.8% 272 15.5%
 2-<3 hours 3,148 29.3% 261 37.3% 2,887 28.7% 627 25.2% 221 29.9% 406 23.1%
 3-<4 hours 3,392 31.6% 173 24.7% 3,219 32.0% 672 27.0% 198 26.8% 474 27.0%
 ≥4 hours 2,895 26.9% 109 15.6% 2,786 27.7% 739 29.6% 137 18.5% 602 34.3%
Education (n, %)
 Low: ≤9 years 1,958 18.2% 65 9.3% 1,893 18.8% 683 27.4% 217 29.4% 466 26.6%
 Middle: 10–12 years 3,362 31.3% 180 25.8% 3,182 31.7% 1,031 41.4% 276 37.3% 755 43.0%
 High: ≥13 years 5,424 50.5% 454 64.9% 4,970 49.5% 779 31.2% 246 33.3% 533 30.4%
Age (mean, SD)
 Years 68.5 2.6 67.4 2.3 68.5 2.7 70.1 2.8 69.5 2.7 70.4 2.8
Sex (n, %)
 Men 2,199 20.5% 197 28.2% 2,002 19.9% 1,336 53.6% 457 61.8% 879 50.1%
 Women 8,545 79.5% 502 71.8% 8,043 80.1% 1,157 46.4% 282 38.2% 875 49.9%
Household size (n, %)
 1 person 3,590 33.4% 278 39.8% 3,312 33.0% 371 14.9% 102 13.8% 269 15.3%
 2 people 6,385 59.4% 372 53.2% 6,013 59.9% 1,260 50.5% 345 46.7% 915 52.2%
 ≥3 people 244 2.3% 27 3.9% 217 2.2% 763 30.6% 263 35.6% 500 28.5%
 Missing 525 4.9% 22 3.1% 503 5.0% 99 4.0% 29 3.9% 70 4.0%
Body mass index (n, %)
 <18.5 kg/m2 99 0.9% 3 0.4% 96 1.0% 149 6.0% 36 4.9% 113 6.4%
 18.5–24.9 kg/m2 4,071 37.9% 272 38.9% 3,799 37.8% 1,805 72.4% 534 72.3% 1,271 72.5%
 25.0–29.9 kg/m2 4,091 38.1% 291 41.6% 3,800 37.8% 454 18.2% 148 20.0% 306 17.4%
 ≥30.0 kg/m2 1,949 18.1% 109 15.6% 1,840 18.3% 44 1.8% 14 1.9% 30 1.7%
 Missing 534 5.0% 24 3.4% 510 5.1% 41 1.6% 7 0.9% 34 1.9%
Smoking (n, %)
 Never 7,986 74.3% 510 73.0% 7,476 74.4% 1,155 46.3% 328 44.4% 827 47.1%
 Former 2,022 18.8% 133 19.0% 1,889 18.8% 802 32.2% 251 34.0% 551 31.4%
 Current 694 6.5% 55 7.9% 639 6.4% 338 13.6% 109 14.7% 229 13.1%
 Missing 42 0.4% 1 0.1% 41 0.4% 198 7.9% 51 6.9% 147 8.4%
Alcohol (n, %)
 Non-drinker 2,265 21.1% 128 18.3% 2,137 21.3% 1,195 47.9% 316 42.8% 879 50.1%
 Drinker 8,452 78.7% 569 81.4% 7,883 78.5% 1,129 45.3% 380 51.4% 749 42.7%
 Missing 27 0.3% 2 0.3% 25 0.2% 169 6.8% 43 5.8% 126 7.2%
Current chronic disease (n, %)
 No 7,397 68.8% 523 74.8% 6,874 68.4% 1,215 48.7% 363 49.1% 852 48.6%
 Yes 3,266 30.4% 174 24.9% 3,092 30.8% 590 23.7% 148 20.0% 442 25.2%
 Missing 81 0.8% 2 0.3% 79 0.8% 688 27.6% 228 30.9% 460 26.2%
Common mental disorders (n, %)
 No 9,451 88.0% 656 93.8% 8,795 87.6% 1,966 78.9% 594 80.4% 1,372 78.2%
 Yes 1,203 11.2% 39 5.6% 1,164 11.6% 81 3.2% 18 2.4% 63 3.6%
 Missing 90 0.8% 4 0.6% 86 0.9% 446 17.9% 127 17.2% 319 18.2%
Moderate/vigorous physical activity (n, %)
 <1 day/week 3,174 29.5% 173 24.7% 3,001 29.9% 1,031 41.4% 365 49.4% 666 38.0%
 ≥1 day/week 7,484 69.7% 520 74.4% 6,964 69.3% 1,310 52.5% 338 45.7% 972 55.4%
 Missing 86 0.8% 6 0.9% 80 0.8% 152 6.1% 36 4.9% 116 6.6%