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Table 1 NCD policy development timelines

From: Non-communicable disease prevention policy process in five African countries authors

Year Global policies and strategies Countries Key Policy events within case countries
1970   Malawi Tobacco Act (production, manufacture and marketing)
1972 Foodstuffs, Cosmetics and Disinfectants Act 54   
1980   Malawi Liquor Act
1988   Cameroon Prohibition of smoking in all structures of Ministry of Health
1989 Liqour Product Act   
1990   Malawi Food Security and Nutrition Policy
  Cameroon Decree on conditions for drinking spots/bars
1993   South Africa Tobacco Products Control Act
1994   South Africa Tobacco Control Regulations;
1998   Cameroon Prohibition of sales and consumption of tobacco and drugs around schools
1999   South Africa Tobacco Products Control Amendment Act
  South Africa Prevention of and Treatment for Substance Abuse Act
2000   South Africa Tobacco Control Regulations- Amendments
2001   Malawi Liquor Act amendment to include local government by-laws
2001   Nigeria National Policy on Food and Nutrition
2003 FCTC Endorsed South Africa Liquor Act
2004 WHO Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health   
  Nigeria Ratify FCTC
2005   Malawi Food and Nutrition Security Policy
  Nigeria National Plan of Action on Food and Nutrition
  Nigeria Signed FCTC.
  Nigeria Fats and Oils Regulations developed
  Nigeria Food Grade and Salt Regulations
  Nigeria Fruit Juice and Nectar Regulations.
2006   Nigeria School Health Policy (2006)
  Cameroon Law banning tobacco advertising
  Cameroon Law governing advertising in Cameroon.
  Cameroon General Food and Nutrition Policy
2007   South Africa Tobacco Products Amendment Act-
  Malawi National Nutritional Policy and Strategic Plan (2007–2011)
  Cameroon National Program for Food and Nutrition
  Cameroon Memo: prohibit smoking in Yaoundé City Council and Ministry of Economy and Finances structure
  Cameroon Order: health warnings on packages of tobacco products
  Cameroon Circulars on the establishment of anti-tobacco clubs in schools and making schools “non-smoking areas.”
2008 WHA Strategies to reduce harmful use of alcohol initiated South Africa Tobacco Products Regulations,
  Kenya Tobacco Control Act
  Kenya Food and nutrition strategy
2009   Malawi Guidelines for prevention and management of Dietary NCDs
   Tobacco Control Bill
  Nigeria National Sports Policy (2009)
2010 WHO Strategy to reduce harmful alcohol consumption endorsed   
  Kenya National Tobacco Control Action Plan 2010–2015
  Kenya Alcoholics Drinks Control Act Amended in 2014
  Malawi National School Health and Nutrition Strategic Plan
2011 UN General Assembly on the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases in 2011 South Africa Tobacco Products Control Regulations,
  South Africa Regulations relating to Transfats in foodstuffs
2012   Kenya Finance Act
  Kenya National Nutrition Action Plan 2012–2017
2012   Cameroon Circular on tobacco control in the central services of the Ministry of Higher Education and public universities
2013 WHO Global Action Plan Prevention and Control of NCDs 2013–2020 South Africa Control of Marketing Alcohol Beverages Bill
  South Africa National Drug Master plan
  South Africa Proposed Alcohol Advertising ban
  South Africa Regulations for the reduction of salt content in processed foods
  South Africa Food and Nutrition Security policy
  South Africa Strategic Plan for the Prevention and Control of NCDS
  Malawi National Action plan for NCDs
  Nigeria National Policy and Strategic Plan of Action on NCDs 2013
2014   Cameroon Circular prohibiting smoking in all structures of the Ministry of social affairs
  Cameroon Finance act increase taxes on cigarettes products
  Cameroon Sub-Prohibition of smoking in public places in Bamenda I Sub-2012: Division-Circular on tobacco control in the central services of the Ministry of Higher Education and public universities
  Cameroon Circular prohibiting smoking in all structures of the Ministry of social affairs
2014   Nigeria Standard for Tobacco and Tobacco products-specifications
  Nigeria National Strategic Plan of action for Nutrition (2014–2019)
2015   Malawi Alcohol in sachets banned
  Malawi 2015–2016: SHN policy and strategic Plan developed
  Kenya National NCD Strategy
  Cameroon Finance Act raising of taxes on alcohol products
  Nigeria National Tobacco Control Act
2016   Nigeria National Policy and Strategic Plan of Action on Non-Communicable Diseases
2017   South Africa Taxation of Sugar-sweetened beverages
  Malawi National Alcohol Policy approved and signed (Initiated 2008)