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Table 3 Analysis of factors associated with attrition among HIV infected patients Under ART in South Ethiopia

From: Body and mind: retention in antiretroviral treatment care is improved by mental health training of care providers in Ethiopia

Variables Attrition n (%) AHR (95% CI)
Mental health
 Unexposed 1750 (79.6) 1.2 (1.1, 1.4)
 Exposed 1063 (48.4) Ref
Age (IQR) 31.75 (11.13) 0.9 (0.99, 1.0)
BaseCD4count (IQR) 220.51 (760.59) 0.9 (0.95, 1.0)
Baseline WHO clinical
 WHO stage [I] 298 (13.9) Ref
 WHO stage [II] 421 (19.6) 1.1 (0.9, 1.3)
 WHO stage [III] 1042 (48.5) 1.2 (1.01, 1.4)
 WHO stage [IV] 386 (18) 1.5 (1.2, 1.8)
CTM prophylaxis
 (No) 314 (14.3) 1.2 (1.01, 1.3)
 Yes 1884 (85.7) Ref
INH prophylaxis 445 (20.2) 0.2 (0.14, 0.2)
 (Yes)
 No 1753 (79.8) Ref
TB Coinfection
 (Yes) 455 (20.7) Ref
 No 1743 (79.3) 0.7 (0.6, 0.7)
Gender
 Female 1135 (51.6) Ref
 Male 1063 (48.4) 1.2 (1.1, 1.3)
LowestCD4 (IQR) 164.05 (163.07) 0.9 (0.9, 0.99)
Regimen Substitution (No) 1845 (83.9) 0.14 (0.12, 0.2)
 Substitution (yes) 353 (16.1) Ref
Baseline functional status
 Working 1135 (51.6) 0.6 (0.5, 0.7)
 Ambulatory 726 (33.0) 0.5 (0.4, 0.5)
 Bedridden 280 (12.7) Ref
ART Enrolment year
 2005–2007 610 (28) Ref
 2008–2010 830 (38.2) 1.22 (1.1, 1.36)
 2011–2013 435 (20) 1.5 (1.31, 1.73)
 2014–2017 300 (13.8) 2.3 (1.96 2.75)
  1. ‘Analyzed by Cox proportional hazard regression, with adjusted hazard ratio (AHR) with 95% confidence interval