Skip to main content

Table 4 Healthy Child Programme and visits for vaccination: negative binomial regressions

From: The influence of education on the access to childhood immunization: the case of Spain

  Up to 1 year old 1–2 2–3 3–6 6–8 8–12 12–16 Visits for advice about systematic vaccinations Visits for advice about controversial vaccinations
Coef (s.e.) Coef (s.e.) Coef (s.e.) Coef (s.e.) Coef (s.e.) Coef (s.e.) Coef (s.e.) Coef (s.e.) Coef (s.e.)
Father’s schooling years −0.04a (0.009) − 0.03a (0.008) − 0.03a (0.008) − 0.02b (0.007) − 0.009 (0.009) 0.004 (0.009) − 0.03c (0.01) 0.03c (0.01) 0.06b (0.02)
Mother’s schooling years − 0.04a (0.009) − 0.03a (0.009) − 0.03a (0.008) − 0.02a (0.007) − 0.01 (0.009) 0.02 (0.009) 0.009 (0.01) −0.008 (0.01) − 0.03 (0.02)
Inferred salaries at household level −0.009a (0.002) − 0.009a (0.002) − 0.005a (0.002) − 0.005a (0.001) −0.006a (0.002) − 0.003c (0.002) −0.002 (0.002) 0.006b (0.002) 0.004 (0.004)
Maternal employment 0.2c (0.08) 0.2b (0.08) 0.3a (0.07) 0.5a (0.06) 0.7a (0.07) 0.3a (0.07) −0.02 (0.09) 0.1 (0.1) 0.2 (0.2)
Child characteristics included included included included included included included included included
Parental information included included included included included included included included included
Sample size 4557 5219 5876 7894 5753 6509 3879 50,506 50,397
χ2 369.8 (0.00) 280.4 (0.00) 120 (0.00) 762 (0.00) 949.5 (0.00) 1706.9 (0.00) 664.1 (0.00) 33.9 (0.00) 18.2 (0.00)
Pseudo-R2 0.06 0.04 0.02 0.07 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.005 0.007
  1. Standard errors are reported in brackets, whereas a, b, and c denote significance levels of 1, 5, and 10%, respectively. Regressions include a dummy variable representing odd minimum distance. Children’s chronic conditions include the following diseases: hypertension, lipid & cholesterol problems, children with any cardio problem, stroke/cerebrovascular accident, bronchial asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, children with any mental disorder and malignant neoplasms. We also included unhealthy behaviours, which are relevant for adolescents (smoking and heavy drinking). Parental information includes information either with regard to fathers or mothers: age, any parent having passed away, parental consumption of medicines in thousand euros, co-morbidity episodes, mental problems, maternal employment, unhealthy behaviours (smoking and heavy drinking), health-care use (visits to GP, specialists, emergencies, and hospitalization)
  2. Table 4 shows the results regarding the influence of education on the childhood immunization schedule within the “Healthy Child Programme” and the visits for vaccination information. The first seven columns show different age intervals because in each of these the vaccination protocol was different. The last two columns refer to the average number of visits for advice in terms of vaccination, both systematic and controversial. This table describes results from databases 1 and 2 merged