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Table 2 Median CD4 cell count at time of enrolment in the ICONA cohort and at time of ART initiation according to socio-demographic characteristics

From: Impact of social determinants on antiretroviral therapy access and outcomes entering the era of universal treatment for people living with HIV in Italy

  CD4 at enrollment CD4 at time of ART initiation
Median IQR p Median IQR p
n/mmc n/mmc n/mmc n/mmc
Gender
 Male 439 260–621 0.453 360 223–520 < 0.001
 Female 448 263–635 325 205–479
Age (years)
 < 30 511 364–696 < 0.001 390 273–563 < 0.001
 30–40 440 269–622 358 225–514
 40–50 377 188–554 323 173–483
 > 50 283 108–500 273 105–422
Mode of HIV transmission
 HS 385 191–580 < 0.001 310 171–460 < 0.001
 PWID 482 305–685 342 222–530
 MSM 471 310–643 390 267–550
Residency area
 North 499 336–694 < 0.001 333 232–460 < 0.001
 Centre 443 270–634 302 193–436
 South 432 248–646 330 205–516
Education
 Elementary school 384 179–606 < 0.001 288 156–430 < 0.001
 Junior high school 437 232–624 320 197–481
 High school 438 261–613 353 224–505
 University 464 299–637 393 272–569
Employement
 Unemployed 439 264–644 < 0.001 342 216–523 < 0.001
 Full time worker 450 279–626 351 225–506
 Self employed 437 249–621 351 222–510
 Temporary employed 467 320–650 340 220–506
 Student 540 385–700 443 325–648
 Retired 326 131–534 274 121–440
 Housewife 390 157–590 302 122–427
Year of ART initiation/last observation
 2002–2006 465 278–661 < 0.001 292 185–448 < 0.001
 2007–2011 385 232–554 305 196–409
 2012–2016 460 270–637 414 262–574