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Table 3 Subgroups of expected biopsychosocial predictors are compared for linear trend of average (re)entry to work per 8-week period. (Re)entry is defined as “participating in paid work ≥ 1 day (7.5 hours) per week on average for 8 week periods” and is measured throughout 56 weeks after on site rehabilitation. The reported results are from generalized estimating equations (GEE) analysis of the additional effect of time within subgroups (statistical interaction with time)

From: Biopsychosocial predictors and trajectories of work participation after transdiagnostic occupational rehabilitation of participants with mental and somatic disorders: a cohort study

Biopsychosocial factors Odds ratio 95% Confidence intervals
Lower Upper
Sociodemographic
 Female (compared to male) 0.97 0.871 1.086
 Age ≥ 36 years old (compared to younger) 1.00 0.908 1.096
 Higher education (compared to lower) 1.01 0.935 1.098
Poor economy (compared to medium/good)) 1.16 1.030 1.299
Work and benefits
 Employed (compared to unemployed) 0.92 0.821 1.021
Work assessment allowance (compared to sickness benefit) 0.92 0.849 0.999
Graded sick leave (compared to full sick leave) 0.77 0.684 0.857
 Physically demanding job (compared to not physically demanding job) 1.03 0.950 1.127
Psychological
 High psychological flexibility (compared to low) 0.99 0.896 1.093
 Low expectation of return to work (compared to high or unsure) 1.08 0.968 1.212
 High work self-efficacy (compared to low) 0.98 0.883 1.091
Health
 Chronic pain (compared to no chronic pain) 0.95 0.861 1.042
 Chronic fatigue (compared to no chronic fatigue) 0.98 0.893 1.086
 Mental distress (compared to no mental distress) 1.05 0.971 1.145
 Mental disorder as diagnosis on sickness certificate (compared to no mental disorder) 0.97 0.891 1.051
 Mental disorder by interdisciplinary assessment (compared to no mental disorder) 1.03 0.933 1.137
 Sleep disturbance (compared to no sleep disturbance) 0.99 0.915 1.081
Functioning
 Role limitations because of physical health (versus no limitations) 0.95 0.876 1.038
Role limitations because of emotional problems (versus no limitations) 1.11 1.023 1.200