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Table 2 Mixed-effects ML regression results

From: Financial transfers from adult children and depressive symptoms among mid-aged and elderly residents in China - evidence from the China health and retirement longitudinal study

Variables B SE 95% CI
Low High
Independent variable Inter-generational financial transfers (log of transfers) −0.226c 0.044 −0.314 − 0.140
Other transfers Whether take care of grandchildren     
  No (ref.)     
  Yes 0.286a 0.117 0.057 .516
  Frequency of contact with children     
  Seldom (ref.)     
  Sometimes −0.071 0.132 −0.329 0.187
  Often − 0.293a 0.142 − 0.572 − 0.014
  Living with any child     
  No (ref.)     
  Yes −0.363b 0.116 − 0.590 − 0.134
Demographic factors: Age group (years old)     
  45–56 (ref.)     
  56–62 0.269 0.162 −0.048 0.586
  62–69 0.448b 0.167 0.122 0.775
  69- −.761c 0.189 −1.131 −0.391
  Gender     
  Male (ref.)     
  Female 1.547c 0.120 1.311 1.781
  Marital status     
  Other (ref.)     
  Living with spouse −0.649c 0.170 −0.983 −0.315
Socioeconomic factors: Education level (1–10) −0.087a 0.035 − 0.1561 − 0.018
  Income level − 0.170b 0.059 − 0.285 −0.056
  Amenities/associations (0–14) −0.072b 0.028 −0.126 − 0.018
  Areas of china     
  Northwest (ref.)     
  Southwest −0.411 0.357 −1.110 0.288
  Northeast −2.414c 0.422 −3.241 − 1.586
  East −1.994c 0.348 −2.675 − 1.313
  South −1.267b 0.403 −2.058 −0.478
  Central −1.307c 0.350 −1.994 −0.621
  North −1.420c 0.380 −2.165 −0.675
  Rural-urban     
  Rural (ref.)     
  Urban −0.546b 0.202 −0.941 − 0.151
Health and social factors: Any difficulty with ADL     
  No (ref.)     
  Yes 1.595c 0.220 1.164 2.026
  Chronic disease (0–10) 0.259c 0.065 0.131 0.387
  Whether participated in any social activities     
  No (ref.)     
  Yes −1.695c 0.115 −1.920 −1.470
  Whether still on work     
  No (ref.)     
  Yes −0.065 0.136 −0.332 0.203
  _cons 13.203c 0.896 11.855 14.551
  1. ML = Multi-level; B = unstandardized coefficient; SE = Standard error; CI: Confidence interval
  2. ap < 0.05, bp < 0.01, cp < 0.001