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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria for the ProMuscle in Practice study

From: Effect, process, and economic evaluation of a combined resistance exercise and diet intervention (ProMuscle in Practice) for community-dwelling older adults: design and methods of a randomised controlled trial

Inclusion criteria Aged 65 years or over
Living independently in one of the selected municipalities (Apeldoorn, Epe, Ermelo/Putten, Harderwijk, Ede)
Mastery of the Dutch language
Meet one of the two following criteria:
- Score 1 or more points on the Fried frailty criteria [19]
- Do not perform whole body resistance exercises for > 30 min on 2 or more days per week, and report loss of muscle strength
Having signed informed consent
Exclusion criteria Having an allergy to, or being sensitive to, milk proteins or being lactose intolerant
Diagnosed COPD or cancer
Diagnosed diabetes type 1 or type 2, that is unstable, not well regulated with medication, or the participant is not able to notice hypoglycaemia
Diagnosed hypertension (systolic blood pressure > 160 mmHG) that is not well regulated with medication
Severe heart failure
Renal insufficiency (eGFR < 30 ml/min)
Having physical impairments that prevent them from participating in the exercise training
Having cognitive impairments that prevent them from understanding and completing questionnaires
Receiving terminal care
Having a newly fitted artificial hip or knee prosthesis, unless fully recovered
Having recent surgery (< 3 months) scars that the exercises might stress