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Table 4 The adjusted association between MetS, its components and eating speed

From: Association between self-reported eating speed and metabolic syndrome in a Beijing adult population: a cross-sectional study

Gender Variables Eating speed P for trend
Slow Medium Fast
All MetS Reference 1.65 (1.32–2.07) 2.27 (1.80–2.86) < 0.0001
Central obesity Reference 1.39 (1.12–1.72) 1.68 (1.35–2.09) < 0.0001
Elevated BP Reference 1.57 (1.28–1.92) 1.82 (1.48–2.24) < 0.0001
Elevated FPG Reference 1.11 (0.88–1.41) 1.18 (0.93–1.51) 0.1644
Elevated TG Reference 1.25 (1.00–1.55) 1.51 (1.21–1.88) < 0.0001
Reduced HDL Reference 1.22 (1.02–1.45) 1.33 (1.11–1.60) 0.0026
Male MetS Reference 1.58 (1.21–2.07) 2.21 (1.69–2.91) < 0.0001
Central obesity Reference 1.27 (0.97–1.67) 1.53 (1.16–2.02) 0.0008
Elevated BP Reference 1.37 (1.08–1.75) 1.50 (1.17–1.92) 0.0037
Elevated FPG Reference 1.13 (0.85–1.50) 1.14 (0.85–1.52) 0.5278
Elevated TG Reference 1.30 (0.99–1.71) 1.69 (1.29–2.23) < 0.0001
Reduced HDL Reference 1.11 (0.84–1.47) 1.35 (1.02–1.79) 0.0038
Female MetS Reference 1.75 (1.15–2.68) 2.27 (1.46–3.53) 0.0002
Central obesity Reference 1.60 (1.12–2.28) 1.98 (1.36–2.88) 0.0004
Elevated BP Reference 2.11 (1.42–3.13) 3.02 (2.00–4.56) < 0.0001
Elevated FPG Reference 1.15 (0.78–1.68) 1.56 (1.05–2.33) 0.0079
Elevated TG Reference 1.14 (0.79–1.65) 0.95 (0.63–1.43) 0.5326
Reduced HDL Reference 1.28 (0.82–1.61) 1.20 (0.94–1.54) 0.3288
  1. All models were adjusted for age, education level, work stress, physical activity intensity, physical activity frequency, sleep duration, smoking status, drinking status, excessive salt intake, excessive sugar intake, excessive fat intake, excessive meat intake, a mainly vegetable diet, frequency of eating breakfast, grain consumption, and a history of antihypertensive, antidiabetic, and hypolipidaemic treatment
  2. MetS metabolic syndrome, BP blood pressure, FPG fasting plasma glucose, TG triglycerides, HDL high-density lipoprotein