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Table 3 Dietary factors of study participants by eating speed

From: Association between self-reported eating speed and metabolic syndrome in a Beijing adult population: a cross-sectional study

Variables Male Female
Slow
(n = 371)
Medium
(n = 2188)
Fast
(n = 1905)
P valuea Slow
(n = 523)
Medium
(n = 1964)
Fast
(n = 1021)
P valuea
Excessive salt intake (n, %) 104 (28.03) 494 (22.58) 560 (29.40) < 0.0001 63 (12.05) 293 (14.92) 221 (21.65) < 0.0001
Excessive sugar intake (n, %) 28 (7.55) 154 (7.04) 169 (8.87) 0.0917 58 (11.09) 200 (10.18) 113 (11.07) 0.6952
Excessive fat intake (n, %) 19 (5.12) 103 (4.71) 138 (7.24) 0.0021 19 (3.63) 59 (3.00) 47 (4.60) 0.0817
Excessive meat intake (n, %) 66 (17.79) 365 (16.68) 414 (21.73) 0.0002 46 (8.80) 161 (8.20) 102 (9.99) 0.2608
A mainly vegetable diet (n, %) 54 (14.56) 257 (11.75) 201 (10.55) 0.0733 90 (17.21) 335 (17.06) 170 (16.65) 0.9486
Frequency of eating breakfast (n, %)     0.3533     0.1096
 Skip breakfast 16 (4.34) 89 (4.10) 75 (3.96)   11 (2.12) 26 (1.33) 20 (1.97)  
 Less than three times per week 36 (9.76) 218 (10.05) 195 (10.30)   18 (3.46) 77 (3.95) 43 (4.24)  
 About five times per week 46 (12.47) 345 (15.90) 262 (13.84)   44 (8.46) 217 (11.12) 123 (12.12)  
 Almost every day 271 (73.44) 1518 (69.95) 1361 (71.90)   447 (85.96) 1631 (83.60) 829 (81.67)  
Grain consumption (n, %)     < 0.0001     0.0130
 Mainly coarse grain 56 (15.22) 215 (9.90) 92 (4.87)   62 (11.90) 179 (9.16) 79 (7.77)  
 Mainly refined grain 196 (53.26) 1319 (60.76) 1340 (70.86)   290 (55.66) 1106 (56.60) 627 (61.65)  
 Half and half 116 (31.52) 637 (29.34) 459 (24.27)   169 (32.44) 669 (34.24) 311 (30.58)  
  1. a:Chi-square test or Kruskal-Wallis rank test