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Table 3 Multivariable linear regressions of objectively assessed built environment with CVD risk factors adjusted for age and sexa

From: The relationship between objectively-measured attributes of the built environment and selected cardiovascular risk factors in a South African urban setting

Variables BMI (kg/m2) SBP (mmHg) DBP (mmHg) MPA (counts/minute)† VPA (counts/minute)† MVPA (counts/minute)†
β (95% to CI) β (95% to CI) β (95% to CI) β (95% to CI) β (95% to CI) β (95% to CI)
Objectively measured built environment (m)
 Community center
  500 (ref)       
   1000 4.70*** (2.06 to 7.34) 44.08 (−4.67 to 52.82) 4.97* (−0.00 to 9.95) − 29.10 (−82.60 to 24.43) 0.0 (−1.60 to 1.64) −34.56 (−90.00 to 20.90)
   1600 2.37 (− 0.30 to 5.02) 6.21 (− 2.59 to 15.01) 6.58** (1.57 to 11.58) −60.90 (− 124.25 to 2.44) −0.22(− 2.13 to 1.70) −69.30 *(− 134.92 to − 3.70)
 Shopping center
  500 (ref)       
   1000 1.79 (−0.32 to 3.89) 76.99* (0.03 to 83.95) −1.82 (−5.79 to 2.14) −61.50 (− 208.99 to 86.00) −1.72 (− 10.19 to .75) −60.79 (− 212.73 to 91.16)
   1600 4.78** (1.11 to 8.45) − 0.63 (− 9.51 to 8.26) −0.68 (−7.59 to 6.22) −127.22 (− 358.73 to 104.29) 1.50 (− 6.44 to 9.44) −124.81 (− 363.00 to 113.68)
 Taxi Rank
  500 (ref)       
   1000 −0.11 (− 2.81 to 2.59) 0.67 (−8.26 to 9.61) 1.50 (− 3.59 to 6.58) 22.13 (−147.83 to 192.09) −2.78 (− 11.78 to 6.22) 21.17 (− 153.92 to 196.26)
   1600 − 1.68 (− 4.07 to 1.70) 7.71 (− 0.19 to 15.60) 3.35 (− 1.14 to 7.84) 102.31(− 57.00 to 261.61) 3.56 (− 2.23 to 9.35) 104.62 (−59.49 to 268.73)
  1. BMI body mass index, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, BP blood pressure, MPA moderate physical activity, VPA vigorous physical activity, MVPA moderate vigorous physical activity; sample of 155; β beta coefficient; *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001
  2. aadjusted for age and sex
  3. Physical activity variables