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Table 1 Background characteristics of the FGC-group and the CAU-group at pretest (T1)

From: Cost-effectiveness of Family Group Conferencing in child welfare: a controlled study

  Total (N = 69) FGC (N = 46) CAU (N = 23)  
  Percent χ2
Ethnicity status     0.03
 Western 50.7 50.0 52.2  
 Non-western 49.3 50.0 47.8  
Family situation     0.45
 Intact families 17.4 15.2 21.7  
 Broken and/or newly formed families 82.6 84.8 78.3  
Indication of intellectual disability parent(s) 8.7 10.9 4.3 0.82
Education level of parent(s)     0.65
 Lower 76.8 73.9 82.6  
 Higher 23.2 26.1 17.4  
Referral reason     1.92
 Child related 26.1 23.9 30.4  
 Parent related 42.0 47.8 30.4  
 Family related 31.9 28.3 39.1  
  M (SD) t
Mean number of children per family 1.65 (1.08) 1.67 (1.14) 1.61 (0.99) −0.23
Mean age children involved in child welfare 9.77 (4.72) 10.19 (4.70) 8.93 (4.76) −1.05
Risk score for child maltreatment 0.18 (0.15) 0.18 (0.15) 0.18 (0.15) 0.08
Number of different types of previous professional care 2.88 (2.96) 2.63 (2.89) 3.39 (3.10) 0.09
  1. Note. FGC experimental group - receiving the offer of Family Group conferencing, CAU control group - receiving Care As Usual