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Table 5 Maternal and contextual factors associated with perinatal mortality in North Showa Zone Oromia Region, Dec. 2012

From: Determinants of perinatal mortality among cohorts of pregnant women in three districts of North Showa zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia: Community based nested case control study

Variables Cases(n=73) Controls(n=146) COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Parity     
 One 15(20.5%) 20(13.7%) 1 1
 Two to five 19(26.0%) 53(36.3%) 0.478(0.204-1.119) 0.565 (0.120-2.660)
 Six and above 39(53.4%) 73(50.0%) 0.712(0.328-1.545) 1.343(0.279-6.660)
Birth Order     
 First 15(20.5%) 20(13.7%) 1 1
 Second 8(11.0%) 20(13.7%) 0.533(0.185-1.537) 1.710 (0.236-12.406)
 Third and higher 50(68.5%) 106(72.6%) 0.629(0.297-1.330) 1.001(0.183-5.485)
History of abortion     
 Yes 9(12.3%) 16(11.0%) 1.143(0.479-2.727) 0.385 (1.119-1.247)
 No 64(87.7%) 130(89.0%) 1 1
History of neonatal mortality     
 Yes 28(38.4%) 21(14.4%) 3.704(1.913-7.169) * 5.425(2.271-12.960)*
 No 45(61.6%) 125(85.6%) 1 1
Sex of the newborn     
 Male 57(78.1%) 72(49.3%) 3.661(1.926-6.961)* 5.478(2.502-11.997)*
 Female 16(21.9%) 74(50.7%) 1 1
Type of birth     
 Singleton 62(84.9%) 135(92.5%) 1 1
 Multiple births 11(15.1%) 11(7.5%) 2.177(0.896-5.293) 3.599(1.200-10.798)*
Preterm delivery     
 Yes 11(15.1%) 7(4.8%) 3.523(1.304-9.517)* 8.583(2.275-32.386)*
 No 62(84.9%) 139(95.2%) 1 1
Having ANC visit     
 Yes 56(76.7%) 121(82.9%) 1 1
 No 17(23.3%) 25(17.1%) 1.469(0.735-2.938) 0.555(0. 232-1.324)
Having TT vaccination     
 Yes 47(64.4%) 105(71.9%) 1 1
 No 26(35.6%) 41(28.1%) 1.417(0.778-2.581 1.618 (0. 744-3.519)
Birth spacing     
 Less than two years 15(20.5%) 18(12.3%) 1.944(0.910-4.156) 2.935(0.437-19.732)
 Two years 7(9.6%) 9(6.2%) 1.815(0.641-5.138) 0.850 (0. 219-3.306)
 More than two years 51(69.9%) 119(81.5%) 1 1
Place of delivery     
 Home 56(76.7%) 136(93.2%) 0.242(0.104-0.562)* 0.233(0.081-0.672)*
 Health Facility 17(23.3%) 10(6.8%) 1 1
Walking Distance from health institution     
 < 1 hour 24(32.9%) 51(34.9%) 1 1
 1-2 hours 42(57.5%) 91(62.3%) 0.981(0.534-1.801) 0.336(0.068-1.653)
 > 2 hours 7(9.6%) 4(2.7%) 3.719(0.993-13.932) 0.314(0.068-1.440)
  1. * Significant at P value< 0.05, COR Crude Odds Ratio, AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio