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Table 4 Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals for onset of long term sickness absence (LTSA) within follow up period across number of pain locations, stratified by levels of depressive symptoms

From: Comorbid symptoms of depression and musculoskeletal pain and risk of long term sickness absence

  low depression medium depression high depression
Number of pain locations HR 95% CI HR 95% CI HR 95% CI
0 ref   ref   ref  
1 1.58 (1.27 to 1.97) 0.83 (0.41 to 1.66) 0.80 (0.36 to 1.76)
2 1.64 (1.33 to 2.04) 1.45 (0.79 to 2.67) 0.56 (0.26 to 1.20)
3 2.00 (1.55 to 2.56) 1.26 (0.66 to 2.40) 0.94 (0.44 to 2.00)
Wald(p) for 6 df   54.6(0.00)   10.20(0.33)   14.5(0.11)
  1. Estimates include adjustment for age, seniority and cohabitation and job-group