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Table 3 Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals for onset of long term sickness absence (LTSA) within follow up period across levels of depressive symptoms stratified by the number of pain locations

From: Comorbid symptoms of depression and musculoskeletal pain and risk of long term sickness absence

  0 pain locations 1 pain locations 2 pain locations 3 pain locations
Levels of depressive symptoms HR 95% CI HR 95% CI HR 95% CI HR 95% CI
low ref   ref   ref   ref  
medium 1.56 (0.87 to 2.78) 0.79 (0.50 to 1.25) 1.30 (0.96 to 1.77) 0.91 (0.62 to 1.32)
high 3.13 (1.59 to 6.21) 1.55 (0.95 to 2.55) 0.97 (0.62 to 1.50) 1.31 (0.87 to 1.98)
Wald(p) for 8 df   20.07(0.01)   12.14(0.15)   8.07(0.09)   12.98(0.11)
  1. Estimates include adjustment for age, seniority and cohabitation and job-group