Skip to main content

Table 4 Predictors of opportunistic diseases among adult PLHIV, September 2013 to August 2014

From: Magnitude of opportunistic diseases and their predictors among adult people living with HIV enrolled in care: national level cross sectional study, Ethiopia

Characteristics COR (95% CI) P-value AOR (95% CI) P-value
Sex (n = 7826)
 Male 0.917 (0.810, 1.038) 0.169 0.86 (0.74, 0.99) 0.047*
 Female 1.00    
Age group (n = 7826)
 15–24 1.00    
 25–34 0.81 (0.67, 0.98) 0.029* 0.83 (0.61, 1.03) 0.092
 35–44 0.82 (0.68, 1.00) 0.052 0.89 (0.71, 1.12) 0.304
 45–54 0.82 (0.64, 0.1.04) 0.104 0.80 (0.61, 1.07) 0.134
 > 55 0.97 (0.70, 1.36) 0.879 0.93 (0.63, 1.38) 0.719
Recent CD4 (n = 6187)
 < 200 2.18 (1.81, 2.61) 0.001* 1.80 (1.45, 2.23) 0.001*
 200-349 1.02 (0.85, 1.22) 0.851 0.99 (0.81, 1.21) 0.939
 350–499 0.95 (0.79, 1.14) 0.556 0.94 (0.78, 1.14) 0.529
 ≥500 1.00    
Care status (n = 7826)
 In pre-ART care 1.72 (1.36, .2.18) 0.001* 1.33 (0.95, 1.85) 0.093
 In ART 1.00    
Taking any prophylactic medication for opportunistic infection 1.00    
 Yes 0.84 (0.74, 0.96) 0.008 0.92 (0.77, 1.08) 0.296
 No
Follow-up status (n = 7826) 1.00    
 On active follow-up 1.11 (0.83, 1.50) 0.480 0.82 (0.56, 1.19) 0.292
 Transferred-out 1.54 (1.22, 1.95) 0.001* 1.29 (0.93, 1.79) 0.125
 Lost to follow-up 5.66 (3.71, 8.64) 0.001* 4.16 (2.26, 7.66) 0.001*
 Died
Recent functional status (n = 7730)
 Working 1.00    
 Ambulatory or bed-ridden 4.75 (3.68, 6.13) 0.001 3.19 (2.32, 4.39) 0.001*
  1. *Significant at p-value < 0.05