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Table 3 Types and proportions of opportunistic diseases diagnosed among study participant during one year follow-up period, September 2013 to August 2014

From: Magnitude of opportunistic diseases and their predictors among adult people living with HIV enrolled in care: national level cross sectional study, Ethiopia

Opportunistic Disease Frequency (prevalence) Frequency at hospital (prevalence) Frequency at health Center (prevalence) OR, at hospitals compared to health centers (95% CI)
Skin diseases 318 (4.1%) 169 (4.5%) 149 (3.7%) 1.13 (0.90, 1.43)
Diarrhea 317 (4.1%) 126 (3.4%) 191 (4.5%) 0.66 (0.52, 0.83)
Bacterial pneumonia 281 (3.6%) 197 (5.3%) 84 (2.1%) 2.35 (1.80, 3.05)
Recurrent upper respiratory tract infections 242 (3.1%) 113 (3.0%) 129 (3.2%) 0.88 (0.68, 1.14)
Tuberculosis 206 (2.7%) 98 (2.6%) 108 (2.6%) 0.91 (0.69, 1.20)
Oro-pharyngeal candidiasis 123 (1.6%) 82 (2.2%) 41 (1.0%) 2.00 (1.37, 2.92)
Severe bacterial infection 78 (1.0%) 50 (1.3%) 28 (0.7%) 1.79 (1.12, 2.85)
Perianal problems 31 (0.4%) 23 (0.6%) 8 (0.2%) 2.88 (1.28, 6.44)
Toxoplasma Gondi encephalitis 19 (0.2%) 17 (0.5%) 2 (0.1%) 8.50 (1.96, 36.84)
Pneumocystis pneumonia 13 (0.2%) 12 (0.3%) 1 (0.0%) 12.00 (1.56, 92.37)
Herpes simplex 12 (0.2%) 11 (0.3%) 1 (0.0%) 11.00 (1.42, 85.28)
Cryptoccoccal meningitis 8 (0.1%) 7 (0.2%) 1 (0.0%) 7.00 (0.86, 56.95)
Lymphoma 2 (0.0%) 1 (0.0%) 1 (0.0%) 1.00 (0.06, 16.00)
Other OIs 15 (0.2%) 11 (0.3%) 4 (0.1%) 2.75 (0.87, 8.65)
Total 1665 (21.3%) 917 (24.5%) 748 (18.3%) 1.23 (1.09, 1.37)