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Table 4 Multi-level model for school-level and classroom-level predictors of implementation fidelity to DPA policy

From: School and classroom effects on Daily Physical Activity (DPA) policy implementation fidelity in Ontario classrooms: a multi-level analysis

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Indicators AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
School/Administrator-Level Characteristics
 School board type
  Public 1.25 (0.47–3.29) 1.34 (0.76–2.36)   
  Roman Catholic ref ref   
 Awareness of DPA policy requirements
  Aware of 4 or more 0.61 (0.19–1.97) 0.95 (0.45–2.01)   
  Aware of 3 or less ref ref   
 Presence of DPA monitoring procedure
  Yes 1.46 (0.55–3.86) 1.30 (0.71–2.38)   
  No ref ref   
 Frequency of using DPA supports
  Occasionally 0.90 (0.38–2.16) 1.29 (0.74–2.24)   
  Often or always 0.22 (0.04–1.26) 0.70 (0.27–1.86)   
  Never or rarely ref ref   
 Competing curriculum priorities
  Agree/strongly agree 0.85 (0.24–3.00) 0.59 (0.28–1.24)   0.96 (0.34–2.76)
  Neutral 0.41 (0.07–2.44) 0.61 (0.20–1.87)   0.48 (0.10–2.25)
  Disagree/strongly disagree ref ref   ref
Teacher-Level Characteristics
 Grade level
  Grade 3 0.48 (0.17–1.35)   0.51 (0.21–1.27) 0.50 (0.20–1.24)
  Grade 5 1.13 (0.40–3.20)   1.46 (0.58–3.64) 1.36 (0.55–3.37)
  Grade 7 ref   Ref ref
 Awareness of DPA policy requirements
  Aware of 4 or more 1.24 (0.52–2.95)   1.15 (0.54–2.46) 1.03 (0.47–2.23)
  Aware of 3 or less ref   Ref ref
 Scheduling DPA in teachers’ timetables
  DPA is scheduled 2.11 (0.79–5.64)   2.04 (0.87–4.80) 2.51* (1.03–6.12)
  DPA is not scheduled ref   Ref ref
 Confidence level in implementing DPA
  High 3.08* (1.22–7.76)   3.67* (1.58–8.52) 3.39* (1.47–7.85)
  Low-to-moderate ref   Ref ref
 Frequency of using DPA resources
  Often or always 3.29 (0.54–19.95)   2.20 (0.55–8.75)  
  Occasionally 0.94 (0.40–2.19)   0.89 (0.41–1.95)  
  Never or rarely ref   Ref  
 DPA is realistic and achievable
  Agree/strongly agree 7.40* (2.52–21.76)   4.65* (1.89–11.43) 4.63* (1.88–11.44)
  Neutral 1.61 (0.54–4.75)   1.19 (0.44–3.20) 1.19 (0.44–3.22)
  Disagree/strongly disagree ref   Ref ref
 Lack of time
  Agree/strongly agree 0.25 (0.05–1.24)   0.26 (0.07–1.06) 0.25 (0.06–1.03)
  Neutral 0.15 (0.02–1.27)   0.18 (0.03–1.14) 0.14* (0.02–0.84)
  Disagree/strongly disagree ref   Ref ref
 Lack of space
  Agree/strongly agree 0.39 (0.13–1.15)   0.38 (0.14–1.04) 0.35* (0.13–0.97)
  Neutral 0.62 (0.15–2.53)   0.53 (0.14–1.95) 0.61 (0.16–2.30)
  Disagree/strongly disagree ref   Ref ref
Model Fit Statistics
 -2 Log Likelihood 193.3 371.9 229.9 220.7
 AIC 237.3 389.9 259.9 250.7
 BIC 299.3 417.0 304.2 294.4
  1. AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio, ref. reference category; * = p-value< 0.05