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Table 2 Age-standardized Disability-Adjusted Life Years per 100,000 by cause, females, 1990 and 2016, Belgium

From: Changes in health in Belgium, 1990–2016: a benchmarking analysis based on the global burden of disease 2016 study

  Belgium, 1990   Belgium, 2016    
Causes DALY rank DALY a rate LB 95% UI UB 95% UI DALY rank DALYa rate LB 95% UI UB 95% UI Absolute DALYs changesa
Low back pain 2 1423 997 1888 1 1403 984 1863 −19
Migraine 3 1048 667 1486 2 1042 662 1464 −6
Major depressive disorder 7 575 392 787 3 702 479 962 127
Ischemic heart disease 1 1781 1684 1883 4 680 598 770 − 1101
Breast cancer 4 920 862 989 5 610 521 699 − 310
Anxiety disorders 5 584 401 799 6 582 402 799 −2
Neck pain 8 563 379 799 7 563 380 803 0
Alzheimer disease and other dementias 6 577 493 676 8 526 434 636 −51
Falls 11 460 349 600 9 513 386 670 53
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer 23 299 274 325 10 447 378 518 148
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 16 365 336 395 11 353 309 399 −12
Age-related and other hearing loss 17 352 238 512 12 348 237 508 −4
Self-harm by other specified means 13 419 388 450 13 335 282 392 −84
Acne vulgaris 21 314 208 453 14 332 221 482 18
Other cardiovascular and circulatory diseases 14 401 325 488 15 323 265 390 −78
Other musculoskeletal disorders 22 299 200 424 16 319 218 453 20
Diabetes mellitus 12 431 356 521 17 300 229 385 −131
Bipolar disorder 24 255 130 442 18 255 127 450 0
Hemorrhagic stroke 10 512 474 554 19 255 219 292 −257
Ischemic stroke 9 541 490 595 20 248 208 291 − 293
  1. aage-standardized DALY per 100,000