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Table 4 Linear multiple regression coefficients for quality of life, health status, happiness, life satisfaction, and financial condition with groups and demographics as independent variables

From: Living in uncertainty due to floods and pollution: the health status and quality of life of people living on an unhealthy riverbank

   Location Gendera Age Educationb Incomec Ethnicityd Religione Marital statusf Constant
Ciliwung Male   Middle High 500-2500 K > 2500 K Sundanese Bataknese Batavia Others Christian Others Married  
Health Status EQ-VAS
vs Controlg 2.88* 78.85*
vs Jakarta 5.81* 2.94* −0.11* −1.48 1.62 − 0.64 2.91 −6.31* −4.84* −7.22* −4.23 9.27 −5.48 −1.69 85.45*
vs General 4.47* 2.26* −0.10* 2.13* 5.39* −1.74 1.56 2.18 −3.38* −5.27* 0.66 −0.12 −6.09* 0.83 80.53*
Index score
vs Control 0.001 0.912*
vs Jakarta 0.025* 0.026* −0.003* −0.007 − 0.004 0.008 0.032 −0.044* − 0.012 − 0.029* − 0.016 0.082 0.014 0.029* 0.985*
vs General 0.010 0.024* −0.002* 0.001 0.009 −0.001 0.021* −0.022* − 0.035* − 0.037* − 0.017 0.016 −0.034 0.024* 0.953*
Quality of life Physical
vs Control −6.36* 69.66*
vs Jakarta −3.84* 2.32* −0.10* 1.42 0.32 −0.13 2.27 −3.16 3.06 −0.26 0.04 5.12 −3.03 −0.29 69.34*
vs General −4.87 1.95 −0.14 0.15 −0.30 0.29 2.46 −3.15* 0.48 −1.60 0.85 1.27 −1.54 0.21 73.18*
Psychological
vs Control −1.91 66.14*
vs Jakarta 0.24 1.18 −0.14* − 0.08 −3.64 2.75 6.74* −1.01 2.43 −1.66 0.57 1.96 −6.50 0.71 67.39*
vs General −0.85 1.81 −0.11 1.01 0.85 0.40 4.19 −2.70* 0.11 −3.41* 1.20 1.89 −4.25 1.13 68.13*
Social
vs Control −2.78 62.26*
vs Jakarta − 2.76 1.59 −0.08 1.14 2.23 −0.15 4.28* −0.42 0.96 0.83 0.30 0.89 1.79 1.83 61.36*
vs General −3.07 1.91 −0.11 2.63 3.93 − 0.10 2.83 −0.85 1.12 0.40 4.87* 1.08 −5.51* 3.08* 61.23*
Environmental
vs Control −2.33 55.94*
vs Jakarta −2.24 −0.02 −0.08 1.38 1.55 −0.13 5.54* −1.47 4.17* 1.37 −1.31 0.10 10.26 0.36 56.64*
vs General −3.27 −0.42 − 0.08 1.29 3.32 −0.51 4.52 −1.98 0.89 0.01 4.35* 1.52 2.73 −0.71 59.60*
Happiness Today
vs Control −0.51* 7.26*
vs Jakarta −0.30 −0.19 0.00 0.34 −0.03 0.37 0.99* 0.25 0.32 0.01 −0.10 −0.60 0.90 −0.28 6.98*
vs General −0.48* − 0.21 − 0.01 0.42* 0.52* − 0.24 0.29 0.13 0.22 −0.12 0.26 0.19 −0.53 0.16 7.25*
Last month
vs Control −0.42* 6.90*
vs Jakarta −0.53* −0.14 − 0.01 0.08 − 0.09 0.28 0.45 0.62 0.58 0.17 0.15 −0.23 0.63 0.29 6.70*
vs General −0.50* −0.10 0.00 0.20 0.49* −0.26 0.04 0.24 0.35 0.09 0.29 0.52* −0.25 0.34* 6.69*
Whole life
vs Control −0.34 7.28*
vs Jakarta −0.47* 0.05 −0.01 0.34 −0.22 0.08 0.42 0.31 0.65* 0.03 −0.02 0.18 0.77 −0.11 7.27*
vs General −0.38* −0.13 − 0.01 0.45* 0.61* −0.21 0.18 0.07 0.39* 0.05 0.22 0.06 −0.68 0.19 7.11*
Life Satisfaction Today
vs Control 0.68* 6.34*
vs Jakarta 0.64* 0.11 −0.01 −0.50* −0.17 0.11 0.47 −0.06 0.44 −0.11 −0.27 − 0.63 0.20 0.10 6.76*
vs General 0.62* −0.14 0.00 0.34* 0.44* −0.35* 0.09 0.51* 0.45* 0.09 0.68* 0.00 −0.25 0.30* 6.02*
5 years ago
vs Control 0.52* 5.69*
vs Jakarta 0.52* 0.17 −0.02* −0.54* −0.25 − 0.08 0.00 −1.00* 0.52 0.15 −0.18 −1.09 0.32 −0.06 6.81*
vs General 0.34 −0.06 0.00 0.35* 0.53* −0.50* −0.33 0.10 0.39 0.38* 0.29 −0.04 0.09 0.09 5.54*
5 years later
vs Control 0.54* 8.24*
vs Jakarta 0.43* −0.10 −0.01 −0.07 0.32 0.35* 0.23 0.21 0.15 0.18 0.54 0.25 −0.80 −0.19 8.54*
vs General 0.51* −0.10 −0.01 0.55* 0.63* −0.23* −0.07 0.50* 0.45* 0.37* 0.70* 0.09 −0.53 0.07 7.98*
Financial Financial situation
vs Control 0.71* 4.99*
vs Jakarta 0.48* 0.17 0.00 −0.04 0.63 −0.12 0.41 −0.04 0.30 −0.21 −0.36 − 0.38 1.19 − 0.21 5.48*
vs General 0.63* −0.24* 0.00 0.72* 1.16* 0.00 0.57* 0.75* 0.63* 0.21 0.49* 0.00 0.58 0.04 4.46*
  1. *p-value < 0.05
  2. aFemale is the reference group
  3. bBasic education level: primary school and below is the reference group
  4. cMonthly income less than 500 K IDR is the reference group
  5. dJavanese is the reference group
  6. eIslam is the reference group
  7. fSingle/divorced is the reference group
  8. gFor comparison between Ciliwung and reference group, univariate linear regression was used