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Table 5 Observed and expected proportion of health facility delivery for 29 sub-Saharan African countries

From: Health facility delivery in sub-Saharan Africa: successes, challenges, and implications for the 2030 development agenda

Characteristics Health facility delivery Ratio (3) = (1) / (2)
Observed (1) Expected (2)
Wealth index
  Lowest 15.0 14.3 1.05
  Second 18.5 17.9 1.03
  Third 21.8 20.9 1.04
  Fourth 27.2 26.2 1.04
  Highest 35.9 35.6 1.01
Residence
  Rural 17.6 17.2 1.02
 Urban 35.1 35.2 1.00
Mother’s education
 None 13.6 13.4 1.01
 At least primary 31.2 30.3 1.03
Community women’s education
 Low 19.8 20.0 0.99
  Medium 21.8 22.0 0.99
 High 25.4 23.9 1.06
Number of antenatal care visits
 None 9.6 9.6 1.00
 At least once 68.6 68.3 1.00
Mother’s age at birth
< 20 15.6 15.7 0.99
  20–24 20.3 19.9 1.02
 25–29 24.3 23.7 1.03
  30+ 30.4 30.1 1.01
Birth order
  1 22.5 22.0 1.02
  2–3 22.1 21.4 1.03
  4+ 22.3 22.5 0.99
Round of survey period
  Earliest 15.8 16.2 0.98
  Latest 24.6 24.6 1.00
Region
 Western Africa 19.4 19.8 0.98
  Middle Africa 32.8 32.7 1.00
  Eastern Africa 20.3 20.7 0.98
  Southern Africa 30.1 29.4 1.02
All deliveries 22.3 21.9 1.02