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Table 3 Weighted number and percentage distribution of women by place of delivery and background characteristics, Demographic and Health Surveys, 29 sub-Saharan African countries

From: Health facility delivery in sub-Saharan Africa: successes, challenges, and implications for the 2030 development agenda

Background characteristics Health facility Non-health facility Total
Number (%) Number (%) Number (%)
Wealth quintile***
 Lowest 39,665 (15.0) 225,440 (85.0) 265,105 (22.9)
  Second 47,627 (18.5) 210,356 (81.5) 257,983 (22.3)
  Third 52,835 (21.8) 189,115 (78.2) 241,950 (20.9)
 Fourth 59,969 (27.2) 160,429 (72.9) 220,408 (19.0)
  Highest 62,382 (35.9) 111,286 (64.1) 173,668 (15.0)
Residence***
 Rural 155,605 (17.6) 727,360 (82.4) 882,975 (73.3)
  Urban 113,019 (35.1) 209,155 (64.9) 322,174 (26.7)
Woman characteristics
 Mother’s education***    
  None 82,615 (13.6) 525,477 (86.4) 608,092 (50.5)
  At least primary 185,986 (31.2) 410,937 (68.8) 596,923 (49.5)
Community characteristics
 Community women’s education***    
 Low 80,135 (19.8) 324,523 (80.2) 404,658 (33.6)
 Medium 89,403 (21.8) 321,021 (78.2) 410,424 (34.1)
  High 99,086 (25.4) 290,970 (74.6) 390,057 (32.4)
Pregnancy characteristics
 Number of antenatal care (ANC) visits***    
 None 90,545 (9.6) 854,939 (90.4) 945,483 (78.5)
  At least once 177,104 (68.6) 81,345 (31.4) 259,249 (21.5)
 Mother’s age at birth***    
< 20 43,840 (15.6) 236,971 (84.4) 280,812 (23.3)
  20–24 78,008 (20.3) 306,779 (79.3) 384,787 (31.9)
  25–29 68,317 (24.3) 213,063 (75.7) 281,380 (23.3)
  30+ 78,458 (30.4) 179,679 (69.6) 258,137 (21.8)
Child-specific characteristics
  Birth order***    
 1 73,901 (22.5) 253,929 (77.5) 327,830 (27.2)
  2–3 99,585 (22.1) 351,579 (77.9) 451,164 (37.4)
  4+ 95,138 (22.3) 331,006 (77.7) 426,144 (35.4)
Survey characteristics
 Round of survey period***    
  Earliest 59,847 (15.8) 319,119 (84.2) 378,966 (34.9)
  Latest 173,885 (24.6) 534,258 (75.4) 708,143 (65.1)
Region***
  Western Africa 99,814 (19.4) 415,395 (80.6) 515,209 (47.9)
  Middle Africa 41,846 (32.8) 85,656 (67.2) 127,502 (11.9)
  Eastern Africa 82,512 (20.3) 324,165 (79.7) 406,678 (37.8)
  Southern Africa 7687 (30.1) 17,842 (69.9) 25,530 (2.4)
Total 268,624 (22.3) 936,515 (77.7) 1,205,139 (100.0)
  1. Note: ***p < 0.001