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Table 1 Countries and Demographic and Health Surveys included in the analysis for 29 sub-Saharan African countries

From: Health facility delivery in sub-Saharan Africa: successes, challenges, and implications for the 2030 development agenda

Country Earliest Survey Latest Survey Observation timea
Western Africa (n = 12)
 Benin 1996 2011–2012 16
 Burkina Faso 1993 2010 17
 Cote d’Ivoire 1994 2011–12 18
 Ghana 1993 2014 21
 Guinea 1999 2012 13
 Liberia 2007 2013 6
 Mali 1995–96 2012–13 17
 Niger 1998 2012 14
 Nigeria 1990 2013 23
 Senegal 1997 2014 17
 Sierra Leone 2008 2013 5
  Togo 1998 2013–14 16
Middle Africa (n = 4)
 Cameroon 1991 2011 20
 Congo (Brazzaville) 2005 2011–12 7
 Congo Democratic Republic 2007 2013–14 7
  Gabon 2000 2012 12
Eastern Africa (n = 11)
  Comoros 1996 2012 16
 Ethiopia 2000 2011 11
 Kenya 1993 2014 21
 Madagascar 1997 2008–09 12
 Malawi 1992 2010 18
 Mozambique 1997 2011 14
  Rwanda 1992 2010 18
 Tanzania 1996 2010 14
 Uganda 1995 2011 16
 Zambia 1996 2013–14 18
  Zimbabwe 1994 2010–2011 17
Southern Africa (n = 2)
  Lesotho 2004 2014 10
  Namibia 1992 2013 21
Summary statistics
Minimum observation time (years) 5  
Maximum observation time (years) 23
Mean observation time (years) 15
Standard deviation 4.7
Lower and upper quartiles (years) [6, 20]
  1. Notes: aObservation time calculated based on the upper bound of the year. For example, the 2010–2011 year uses 2011 as the end point. Latest surveys defined as those from 2010 with the exception of Madagascar (2008–09)
  2. Source: [22]