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Table 2 Measures and schedule of Run4Love outcome assessments

From: Run4Love, a mHealth (WeChat-based) intervention to improve mental health of people living with HIV: a randomized controlled trial protocol

     Schedule
Domain Measure Items Alphaa 0 mo 1 mo 2 mo 3 mo 6 mo 9 mo
Demographics Age, gender, height, weight, education, sexual orientation, marital status, employment, daily expenses affordability, HIV infection duration 10 n/a X      
Depression Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)b 20 0.90 X    X X X
  Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)c 9 0.86 X X X X X X
Physical activity Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ)d 16 0.85 X    X X X
Quality of Life World Health Organization Quality of Life HIV short version (WHOQOL-HIV BREF)e 31 0.85 X    X X X
Self-efficacy General Self-efficacy Scale (GSES)f 10 0.87 X    X X X
Stress Perceived Stress Scale (PSS)g 10 0.83 X    X X X
  Hair cortisol (biomarker) n/a n/a X    X   
HIV-related stigma HIV Stigma Scaleh 14   X    X X X
  *Internalized stigma (8 items)   0.92       
  *Perceived stigma (6 items)   0.90       
Coping Simplified Ways of Coping Questionnaire (SWCQ)i 20   X    X X X
  *Positive coping (12 items)   0.89       
  *Negative coping (6 items)   0.78       
Satisfaction Intervention-specific satisfaction 20 n/a     X   
  1. aCronbach’s coefficient alpha for internal reliability of the scale; n/a = not applicable
  2. bCES-D scores range 0–27; higher scores indicate more severe depressive symptoms
  3. cPHQ-9 scores range 0–60; higher scores indicate more severe depressive symptoms
  4. dGPAQ uses Metabolic equivalents (METs) to measure the intensity of physical activities; higher METs indicate more intensive physical activities
  5. eWHOQOL-HIV BREF scores range 24–120; higher scores indicate better quality of life
  6. fGSES scores range 0–40; higher scores indicate better self-efficacy
  7. gPSS scores range 0–40; higher scores indicate more stress
  8. hHIV Stigma Scale scores range 14–56; higher scores indicate more HIV-related stigma
  9. iSWCQ scores range 0–36 for positive coping and 0–24 for negative coping; higher scores indicate higher levels of coping