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Table 1 Estimated odds ratios of state occupation along with 95% confidence bands at several time points for a set of covariates given by age, gender, race/ethnicity, CCI and dual eligibility. For age and CCI variables, the odds ratio is defined as the ratio of odds for a unit increment of the variable. For gender, race/ethnicity and dual eligibility the ratio is calculated relative to males, whites, and ineligibility, respectively

From: Progression of diabetes, ischemic heart disease, and chronic kidney disease in a three chronic conditions multistate model

State Days Age Gender (Female vs. Males) Race/Ethnicity CCI Dual Eligibility
Asian vs. White NHPI vs. White Others vs. White
DM 0 0.960 (0.957, 0.963) 1.431 (1.356, 1.511) 1.713 (1.589, 1.847) 1.890 (1.753, 2.038) 1.745 (1.613, 1.886) 0.782 (0.759, 0.805) 0.931 (0.862, 1.005)
365 0.962 (0.960, 0.965) 1.550 (1.464, 1.640) 1.636 (1.512, 1.769) 1.867 (1.725, 2.020) 1.653 (1.523, 1.794) 0.754 (0.728, 0.781) 0.892 (0.823, 0.966)
730 0.962 (0.959, 0.965) 1.582 (1.493, 1.676) 1.599 (1.476, 1.733) 1.857 (1.714, 2.013) 1.634 (1.503, 1.777) 0.752 (0.725, 0.780) 0.863 (0.795, 0.936)
1095 0.961 (0.959, 0.964) 1.603 (1.512, 1.700) 1.571 (1.449, 1.704) 1.816 (1.675, 1.970) 1.605 (1.475, 1.747) 0.753 (0.725, 0.781) 0.860 (0.792, 0.934)
1460 0.960 (0.958, 0.963) 1.601 (1.510, 1.698) 1.577 (1.453, 1.712) 1.837 (1.693, 1.993) 1.623 (1.491, 1.766) 0.755 (0.728, 0.784) 0.848 (0.781, 0.922)
IHD 0 1.027 (1.024, 1.030) 0.833 (0.788, 0.881) 0.506 (0.470, 0.545) 0.572 (0.531, 0.617) 0.529 (0.488, 0.572) 1.045 (1.024, 1.067) 1.067 (0.986, 1.155)
365 1.018 (1.015, 1.021) 0.952 (0.897, 1.010) 0.504 (0.466, 0.545) 0.558 (0.515, 0.604) 0.499 (0.459, 0.544) 1.003 (0.981, 1.026) 0.971 (0.891, 1.057)
730 1.015 (1.012, 1.018) 0.968 (0.911, 1.028) 0.505 (0.465, 0.547) 0.566 (0.522, 0.613) 0.508 (0.466, 0.554) 0.996 (0.973, 1.019) 0.926 (0.848, 1.011)
1095 1.013 (1.010, 1.016) 0.983 (0.924, 1.045) 0.499 (0.460, 0.541) 0.566 (0.521, 0.614) 0.504 (0.462, 0.551) 0.997 (0.974, 1.021) 0.888 (0.811, 0.971)
1460 1.012 (1.008, 1.015) 0.996 (0.936, 1.060) 0.499 (0.459, 0.541) 0.568 (0.523, 0.617) 0.499 (0.457, 0.546) 0.998 (0.974, 1.022) 0.878 (0.802, 0.962)
CKD 0 1.023 (1.020, 1.026) 0.996 (0.936, 1.061) 1.007 (0.927, 1.095) 0.865 (0.793, 0.944) 0.957 (0.875, 1.047) 1.198 (1.173, 1.223) 1.067 (0.977, 1.164)
365 1.019 (1.016, 1.023) 1.126 (1.051, 1.207) 0.926 (0.845, 1.014) 0.832 (0.756, 0.916) 0.895 (0.810, 0.988) 1.070 (1.046, 1.096) 1.010 (0.916, 1.114)
730 1.017 (1.013, 1.020) 1.153 (1.072, 1.239) 0.909 (0.826, 1.000) 0.839 (0.760, 0.927) 0.881 (0.795, 0.977) 1.056 (1.030, 1.082) 0.981 (0.885, 1.087)
1095 1.015 (1.011, 1.019) 1.134 (1.053, 1.220) 0.900 (0.817, 0.992) 0.848 (0.766, 0.938) 0.881 (0.793, 0.979) 1.057 (1.031, 1.084) 0.983 (0.885, 1.091)
1460 1.013 (1.010, 1.017) 1.138 (1.057, 1.226) 0.904 (0.820, 0.997) 0.836 (0.755, 0.925) 0.881 (0.793, 0.980) 1.061 (1.035, 1.088) 0.959 (0.863, 1.066)
DM + IHD 365 0.991 (0.986, 0.997) 0.690 (0.612, 0.777) 0.943 (0.800, 1.110) 1.166 (0.995, 1.366) 1.114 (0.944, 1.314) 0.795 (0.735, 0.860) 1.154 (0.982, 1.356)
730 0.990 (0.985, 0.995) 0.736 (0.661, 0.819) 0.981 (0.846, 1.137) 1.160 (1.004, 1.340) 1.099 (0.945, 1.278) 0.801 (0.747, 0.859) 1.066 (0.918, 1.237)
1095 0.991 (0.986, 0.996) 0.743 (0.670, 0.825) 0.978 (0.847, 1.129) 1.210 (1.052, 1.391) 1.116 (0.964, 1.293) 0.797 (0.744, 0.853) 1.100 (0.953, 1.271)
1460 0.990 (0.985, 0.995) 0.779 (0.703, 0.864) 0.976 (0.846, 1.126) 1.192 (1.038, 1.370) 1.081 (0.933, 1.252) 0.792 (0.739, 0.849) 1.060 (0.918, 1.225)
DM + CKD 365 0.975 (0.969, 0.980) 0.916 (0.809, 1.037) 1.794 (1.498, 2.148) 1.527 (1.265, 1.843) 1.903 (1.583, 2.288) 0.827 (0.764, 0.895) 0.874 (0.733, 1.042)
730 0.975 (0.970, 0.980) 1.017 (0.907, 1.141) 1.719 (1.457, 2.027) 1.528 (1.288, 1.813) 1.717 (1.448, 2.037) 0.810 (0.750, 0.874) 0.866 (0.735, 1.019)
1095 0.976 (0.971, 0.981) 1.069 (0.955, 1.196) 1.736 (1.476, 2.043) 1.562 (1.320, 1.848) 1.745 (1.475, 2.064) 0.810 (0.752, 0.873) 0.868 (0.740, 1.019)
1460 0.976 (0.971, 0.981) 1.001 (0.898, 1.117) 1.803 (1.540, 2.111) 1.607 (1.365, 1.891) 1.813 (1.540, 2.134) 0.799 (0.742, 0.860) 0.914 (0.784, 1.065)
HD + CKD 365 1.042 (1.034, 1.049) 0.654 (0.564, 0.758) 0.809 (0.670, 0.978) 0.728 (0.594, 0.892) 0.846 (0.687, 1.041) 1.017 (0.965, 1.071) 1.331 (1.095, 1.619)
730 1.037 (1.031, 1.044) 0.757 (0.662, 0.864) 0.758 (0.637, 0.902) 0.758 (0.633, 0.909) 0.792 (0.655, 0.957) 1.007 (0.959, 1.057) 1.236 (1.031, 1.483)
1095 1.034 (1.027, 1.040) 0.768 (0.676, 0.872) 0.755 (0.640, 0.891) 0.744 (0.626, 0.885) 0.815 (0.681, 0.975) 1.003 (0.957, 1.051) 1.133 (0.949, 1.353)
1460 1.033 (1.027, 1.040) 0.786 (0.693, 0.893) 0.744 (0.630, 0.878) 0.732 (0.616, 0.870) 0.816 (0.683, 0.975) 0.984 (0.936, 1.034) 1.143 (0.959, 1.364)
DM + IHD + CKD 365 0.977 (0.968, 0.986) 0.513 (0.409, 0.643) 1.784 (1.323, 2.407) 1.460 (1.063, 2.005) 1.496 (1.085, 2.063) 0.862 (0.761, 0.976) 1.207 (0.911, 1.599)
730 0.980 (0.973, 0.987) 0.528 (0.442, 0.630) 1.729 (1.361, 2.197) 1.316 (1.016, 1.706) 1.852 (1.450, 2.365) 0.846 (0.764, 0.936) 1.347 (1.085, 1.673)
1095 0.979 (0.973, 0.986) 0.521 (0.442, 0.613) 1.792 (1.437, 2.235) 1.414 (1.118, 1.789) 1.739 (1.382, 2.188) 0.785 (0.703, 0.877) 1.172 (0.952, 1.442)
1460 0.980 (0.974, 0.987) 0.524 (0.446, 0.616) 1.665 (1.336, 2.075) 1.368 (1.084, 1.725) 1.859 (1.488, 2.322) 0.751 (0.667, 0.846) 1.102 (0.894, 1.358)
Death 365 1.081 (1.075, 1.088) 0.654 (0.584, 0.733) 0.869 (0.751, 1.006) 0.816 (0.696, 0.957) 0.932 (0.790, 1.101) 1.477 (1.441, 1.514) 1.485 (1.279, 1.723)
730 1.078 (1.072, 1.083) 0.632 (0.573, 0.697) 0.883 (0.780, 1.000) 0.747 (0.651, 0.857) 0.888 (0.771, 1.022) 1.450 (1.416, 1.485) 1.631 (1.438, 1.851)
1095 1.077 (1.072, 1.081) 0.658 (0.601, 0.720) 0.899 (0.801, 1.009) 0.755 (0.665, 0.858) 0.909 (0.798, 1.036) 1.417 (1.385, 1.451) 1.695 (1.508, 1.905)
1460 1.077 (1.072, 1.081) 0.653 (0.599, 0.712) 0.924 (0.827, 1.033) 0.806 (0.714, 0.910) 0.937 (0.827, 1.062) 1.394 (1.362, 1.427) 1.784 (1.597, 1.994)