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Table 3 Logistics regression of determinants of negative belief about PLWHA by Ethnic group, NDHS 2013

From: Ethnic heterogeneity in the determinants of HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination among Nigeria women

  Hausa Igbo Yoruba Fulani
  Stigma measures (Stereotype)
Characteristics OR CI, 95% OR CI, 95% OR CI, 95% OR CI, 95%
Age group
 15-24 years 1 [1] 1 [1] 1 [1] 1 [1]
 25-34 years 1.04 [0.92, 1.18] 0.74** [0.63, 0.86] 0.88 [0.74, 1.04] 0.87 [0.67, 1.13]
 35-44 years 0.94 [0.81, 1.09] 0.68** [0.57, 0.82] 0.85 [0.71, 1.02] 0.94 [0.69, 1.27]
 45 years and above 0.98 [0.81, 1.19] 0.68* [0.53, 0.87] 0.94 [0.75, 1.19] 0.78 [0.53, 1.15]
Level of Education
 No education 1 [1] 1 [1] 1 [1] 1 [1]
 Primary 0.77* [0.66, 0.90] 0.97 [0.72, 1.31] 0.87 [0.64, 1.17] 0.63* [0.42, 0.94]
 Secondary 0.56** [0.48, 0.67] 0.77 [0.56, 1.05] 0.61* [0.45, 0.81] 0.65 [0.41, 1.02]
 Higher 0.52** [0.37, 0.72] 0.39** [0.28, 0.56] 0.27** [0.19, 0.37] 0.35* [0.16, 0.76]
Place of residence
 Urban 1 [1] 1 [1] 1 [1] 1 [1]
 Rural 1.37** [1.19, 1.57] 0.98 [0.87, 1.12] 1.36** [1,17, 1.57] 1.04 [0.71, 1.51]
Religion
 Christian 1 [1] 1 [1] 1 [1] 1 [1]
 Islam 2.13** [1.41, 3.23] 0.94 [0.31, 2.87] 1.33** [1.19, 1.50]  
Occupation
 Not working 1 [1] 1 [1] 1 [1] 1 [1]
 Professional/clerical 0.83* [0.74, 0.94] 1.08 [0.94, 1.26] 0.91 [0.77, 1.07] 1.10 [0.85, 1.41]
 Agriculture 0.88 [0.50, 1.57] 1.25* [1.01, 1.55] 1.49* [1.02, 2.17] 1.63 [0.70, 3.78]
 Manual 0.85* [0.73, 0.99] 1.23 [0.95, 1.59] 0.94 [0.75, 1.18] 1.12 [0.80, 1.59]
Wealth Status
 Poor 1 [1] 1 [1] 1 [1] 1 [1]
 Middle 0.72** [0.62, 0.84] 0.74* [0.61, 0.90] 1.17 [0.83, 1.65] 0.62* [0.43, 0.89]
 Rich 0.64** [0.53, 0.76] 0.55** [0.46, 0.67] 0.86 [0.62, 1.20] 0.59* [0.37, 0.95]
Frequency of exposure to Radio
 Not at all 1 [1] 1 [1] 1.0 [1] 1 [1]
 Less than once a week 0.78** [0.68, 0.88] 0.81* [0.69, 0.96] 1.44* [1.16, 1.78] 1.14 [0.84, 1.55]
 At least once a week 1.11 [0.98, 1.26] 0.89 [0.76, 1.05] 1.0 [0.82, 1.21] 2.94** [2.14, 4.04]
HIV Knowledge
 Poor Knowledge 1 [1] 1 [1] 1 [1] 1 [1]
 Good Knowledge 0.86* [0.77, 0.98] 0.57** [0.50, 0.66] 0.82* [0.72, 0.92] 0.83 [0.66, 1.04]
  1. *** = statistically significant (p=0.000), *= statistically significant (p<0.05)