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Table 1 Socio-demographic distribution of respondents by Ethnic group, NDHS 2013

From: Ethnic heterogeneity in the determinants of HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination among Nigeria women

Characteristics Hausa Igbo Yoruba Fulani
Frequency Percent Frequency Percent Frequency Percent Frequency Percent
Age group
 15-24 years 3761 36.7 2,016 36.2 1,794 33.7 745 37.9
 25-34 years 3,355 32.8 1,824 32.7 1,726 32.4 608 31.0
 35-44 years 2,124 20.7 1,230 22.1 1,334 25.0 423 21.5
 45 years and above 1,003 9.8 504 9.0 475.00 8.9 188 9.6
Level of Education
 No education 7411 72.4 244 4.4 204 3.8 1,642 83.6
 Primary 1,243 12.1 1,043 18.7 1,011 18.9 131 6.7
 Secondary 1,418 13.8 3,300 59.2 3,071 57.7 154 7.8
 Higher 171 1.7 987 17.7 1,041 19.6 37 1.9
Place of residence
 Urban 3,069 30.0 4,105 73.7 4,229 79.4 252 12.8
 Rural 7,174 70.0 1,469 26.3 1099.00 20.6 1,712 87.2
Religion
 Christian 87 0.9 5,475 99.7 3,015 57 3 0.1
 Islam 10,101 99.1 16 0.3 2,254 43 1,947 99.9
Occupation
 Not working 4,044 39.6 1,891 34.0 1,363 25.6 1120 57.1
 Professional/clerical 4,545 44.5 2635.00 47.3 3,305 62.1 565 28.8
 Agriculture 81 0.8 707 12.7 142 2.7 60 3.1
 Manual 1,536 15.1 332 6.0 513 9.6 216 11.0
Wealth Status
 Poor 6,430 62.8 734 13.2 158 3.0 1,584 80.7
 Middle 1,736 16.9 1,156 20.7 569 10.7 168.00 8.6
 Rich 2,077 20.3 3,685 66.1 4601.0 86.4 211 10.8
Frequency of exposure to radio
 Not at all 4,106 40.1 950 17.1 492.0 9.2 1,141 58.1
 Less than once a week 2,638 25.8 2,106 37.8 1205.0 22.6 316 16.1
 At least once a week 3,499 34.2 2,518 45.2 3631.0 68.2 507 25.8
HIV Knowledge
 Poor Knowledge 2,379 23.2 1,415 25.4 1,647 30.9 740 37.7
 Good Knowledge 7,863 76.8 4,159 74.6 3,681 69.1 1,224 62.3
Stigma: negative belief about the group
 Disagree 2,659 26.0 3,459 62.1 2,868 53.8 453 23.1
 Agree 7,583 74.0 2,116 37.9 2,460 46.2 1,511 76.9
Stigma fear: want hiv infection in family remain a secret?
 No 3,360 32.8 2,076 37.2 2,463 46.2 816 41.5
 Yes 6,883 67.2 3,498 62.8 2,865 53.8 1,148 58.5
Discriminating behaviour
 Not discriminating 10,081 98.4 5,425 97.3 5,268 98.9 1,938 98.7
 Discriminating 162 1.6 149 2.7 60 1.1 26 1.3