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Table 3 Bivariate t-tests and Chi-square tests of predictor variables in 2014 and support in 2015a,b

From: Support for a point-of-sale cigarette display ban among smokers: findings from the international tobacco control (ITC) Netherlands survey

  Support  
Yes (n = 343) No (n = 501) T-value or χ2
Socio demographics
 Gender
  Male (%) 40.2 59.8 χ2 = 0.43
  Female (%) 40.9 59.1 p = 0.836
 Age group
  15-24 years (%) 34.1 65.9 χ2 = 3.91
  25-39 years (%) 45.8 54.2 p = 0.271
  40-54 years (%) 39.1 60.9  
  55 years and older (%) 40.4 59.6  
 Educational level
 Low (%) 38.8 61.2 χ2 = 0.77
 Moderate (%) 39.3 60.7 p = 0.681
 High (%) 43.3 56.7  
Awareness variables
 Knowledge health risks of smoking (mean, SD) 0.65 (0.27) 0.54 (0.30) t = −5.62, p < 0.001
 Noticing anti-tobacco information (mean, SD) 2.41 (0.96) 2.29 (0.95) t = −1.57, p = 0.116
 Perceived susceptibility (mean, SD) 3.14 (0.96) 3.09 (0.84) t = −0.82, p = 0.413
 Perceived severity (mean, SD) 3.54 (1.03) 3.16 (0.99) t = −5.42, p < 0.001
Motivational variables
 Attitude towards quitting smoking (mean, SD) 4.21 (0.70) 3.86 (0.79) t = −6.80, p < 0.001
 Social norms for quitting smoking(mean, SD) 4.41 (0.74) 4.10 (0.77) t = −5.73, p < 0.001
 Self-efficacy for quitting smoking (mean, SD) 2.45 (1.07) 2.23 (1.00) t = − 2.95, p = 0.003
Intention to quit smoking (mean, SD) 2.77 (1.15) 2.32 (1.06) t = − 5.85, p < 0.001
  1. aEstimates were weighted for gender and age
  2. bImputed data