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Table 2 Gender-specific adjusted mean depression scores associated with cumulative sleep deprivation in the BASUS cohort

From: Chronic sleep deprivation and gender-specific risk of depression in adolescents: a prospective population-based study

History of sleep deprivation Model A Model B Model C Model D Model E
Mean CI95 Mean CI95 Mean CI95 Mean CI95 Mean CI95
Young women
None 16.59† 15.72–17.45 16.37† 15.51–17.23 16.38† 15.51–17.24 16.37† 15.48–17.26 16.33† 15.42–17.24
Occasional 20.62**† 19.03–22.22 19.05*† 17.48–20.61 19.06*† 17.50–20.61 19.07*† 17.59–20.56 19.02*† 17.57–20.47
Chronic 21.50**† 19.55–23.45 19.45*† 17.66–21.25 19.46*† 17.68–21.25 19.54*† 17.72–21.36 19.48*† 17.59–21.38
Young men
None 13.26† 11.91–14.61 14.36† 13.00–15.73 14.36† 12.98–15.73 14.33† 12.97–15.69 14.38† 13.05–15.72
Occasional 15.25† 12.63–17.87 15.37† 13.39–17.34 15.36† 13.38–17.35 15.38† 13.37–17.38 15.40† 13.39–17.41
Chronic 15.20† 12.55–17.85 15.23† 12.70–17.76 15.22† 12.70–17.75 15.26† 12.70–17.82 15.32† 12.86–17.78
  1. Gender-specific means (CI95) obtained by multivariable linear regression analysis of imputed sample (N = 3071) using an interaction term between sex and sleep deprivation (Model A), sequentially adjusted for baseline CESD scores (Model B), baseline BMI (Model C), ethnicity (Model D) and family income (Model E). * p < 0.01; ** p < 0.001; † p-interaction< 0.01