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Table 6 Multivariate regression analysis of discrimination towards PLWHA, Guangzhou

From: HIV-related stigma and discrimination amongst healthcare providers in Guangzhou, China

Discrimination Variables Wald OR (95% CI)
Refused treatment (0 = No, 1 = Yes) Level of care (ref: Tertiary hospital)   
Secondary hospital or lower 19.405 2.997 (1.839, 4.885)
Number of years working (ref: ≥8 years) 6.097  
3–7 years 5.179 1.877 (1.091, 3.227)
≤2 years 0.080 1.083 (0.624, 1.881)
HIV transmission knowledge (ref: High score)   
Low score 5.797 1.741 (1.109, 2.735)
Fear (ref: No fear) 9.316  
Some fear 0.369 0.840 (0.478, 1.474)
Substantial fear 4.115 2.021 (1.024, 3.987)
Forced detection (0 = No, 1 = Yes) Level of care (ref: Tertiary hospital)   
Secondary hospital or lower 5.444 1.900 (1.108, 3.258)
Department (ref: Internal medicine) 12.558  
Surgical department 9.202 2.221 (1.326, 3.720)
Clinical laboratory department 0.411 0.710 (0.249, 2.024)
Administrative department 4.249 2.031 (1.035, 3.985)
Evaluation of Occupational Exposure Protection System (ref: Satisfaction) 6.638  
Neutral 0.053 1.058 (0.653, 1.714)
Dissatisfaction 6.320 3.276 (1.299, 8.262)
Fear (ref: No fear) 23.348  
Some fear 3.440 0.585 (0.332, 1.031)
Substantial fear 9.113 4.014 (1.628, 9.898)
Differential treatment (0 = No, 1 = Yes) Department (ref: Internal medicine) 13.779  
Surgical department 13.490 2.520 (1.539, 4.127)
Clinical laboratory department 0.393 1.383 (0.502, 3.815)
Administrative department 1.647 1.492 (0.810, 2.751)
Fear (ref: No fear) 25.99  
Some fear 0.819 1.277 (0.752, 2.169)
Substantial fear 21.741 5.583 (2.710, 11.504)
Disclosed information (0 = No, 1 = Yes) HIV transmission knowledge (ref: High score)   
Low score 5.527 1.631 (1.085, 2.453)