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Table 5 Univariate analysis of discrimination towards PLWHA, Guangzhou, China

From: HIV-related stigma and discrimination amongst healthcare providers in Guangzhou, China

  Refused treatment (n = 386) Forced detection (n = 386) Differential treatment (n = 386) Disclosed information (n = 386)
Yes No χ 2 Yes No χ 2 Yes No χ 2 Yes No χ 2
Level of care
 Tertiary hospital 87 (31.3) 191 (68.7) 22.38a 171 (61.5) 107 (38.5) 6.23 b 142 (51.1) 136 (48.9) 0.00 130 (46.8) 148 (53.2) 0.06
 Secondary hospital and lower 62 (57.4) 46 (42.6)   81 (75.0) 27 (25.0)   55 (50.9) 53 (49.1)   49 (45.4) 59 (54.6)  
Number of years working
  ≤ 2 years 46 (34.6) 87 (65.4) 6.84 b 85 (63.9) 48 (36.1) 0.19 68 (51.1) 65 (48.9) 0.03 68 (51.1) 65 (48.9) 3.19
 3–7 years 55 (48.7) 58 (51.3)   74 (65.5) 39 (34.5)   57 (50.4) 56 (49.6)   45 (39.8) 68 (60.2)  
  ≥ 8 years 48 (34.3) 92 (65.7)   93 (66.4) 47 (33.6)   72 (51.4) 68 (48.6)   66 (47.1) 74 (52.9)  
Profession
 Doctor 63 (37.3) 106 (62.7) 3.26 105 (62.1) 64 (37.9) 5.13 91 (53.8) 78 (46.2) 2.15 77 (45.6) 92 (54.4) 0.35
 Nurse 82 (41.4) 116 (58.6)   138 (69.7) 60 (30.3)   99 (50.0) 99 (50.0)   92 (46.5) 106 (53.5)  
 Laboratory technician 4 (21.1) 15 (78.9)   9 (47.4) 10 (52.6)   7 (36.8) 12 (63.2)   10 (52.6) 9 (47.4)  
Department
 Internal medicine 48 (37.2) 81 (62.8) 6.14 71 (55.0) 58 (45.0) 11.93a 52 (40.3) 77 (59.7) 11.27a 66 (51.2) 63 (48.8) 3.88
 Surgical department 65 (38.9) 102 (61.1)   119 (71.3) 48 (28.7)   100 (59.9) 67 (40.1)   68 (40.7) 99 (59.3)  
 Clinical laboratory department 3 (15.8) 16 (84.2)   10 (52.6) 9 (47.4)   9 (47.4) 10 (52.6)   10 (52.6) 9 (47.4)  
 Administrative department 33 (46.5) 38 (53.5)   52 (73.2) 19 (26.8)   36 (50.7) 35 (49.3)   35 (49.3) 36 (50.7)  
HIV transmission knowledge  
 Low score 96 (43.8) 123 (56.2) 5.85b 157 (71.7) 62 (28.3) 9.16b 115 (52.5) 104 (47.5) 0.44 113 (51.6) 106 (48.4) 5.56 b
 High score 53 (31.7) 114 (68.3)   95 (56.9) 72 (43.1)   82 (49.1) 85 (50.9)   66 (39.5) 101 (60.5)  
Exposure prevention knowledge
 Low score 97 (42.9) 129 (57.1) 4.29b 152 (67.3) 74 (32.7) 0.94 122 (54.0) 104 (46.0) 1.89 110 (48.7) 116 (51.3) 1.16
 High score 52 (32.5) 108 (67.5)   100 (62.5) 60 (37.5)   75 (46.9) 85 (53.1)   69 (43.1) 91 (56.9)  
Training
 No 74 (44.3) 93 (55.7) 4.05b 111 (66.5) 56 (33.5) 0.18 92 (55.1) 75 (44.9) 1.94 80 (47.9) 87 (52.1) 0.28
 Yes 75 (34.2) 144 (65.8)   141 (64.4) 78 (35.6)   105 (47.9) 114 (52.1)   99 (45.2) 120 (54.8)  
Evaluation of occupational exposure protection system
 Satisfaction 62 (44.0) 79 (56.0) 2.82 89 (63.1) 52 (36.9) 8.27 a 64 (45.4) 77 (54.6) 2.85 63 (44.7) 78 (55.3) 0.44
 Neutral 70 (35.0) 130 (65.0)   125 (62.5) 75 (37.5)   109 (54.5) 91 (45.5)   96 (48.0) 104 (52.0)  
 Dissatisfaction 17 (37.8) 28 (62.2)   38 (84.4) 7 (15.6)   24 (53.3) 21 (46.7)   20 (44.4) 25 (55.6)  
Fear
 Substantial fear 41 (54.7) 34 (45.6) 10.16 a 67 (89.3) 8 (10.7) 27.43 a 58 (77.3) 17 (22.7) 26.12 a 43 (57.3) 32 (42.7) 4.52
 Some fear 80 (34.5) 152 (65.5)   131 (56.5) 101 (43.5)   106 (45.7) 126 (54.3)   102 (44.0) 130 (56.0)  
 No fear 28 (35.4) 51 (64.6)   54 (68.4) 25 (31.6)   33 (41.8) 46 (58.2)   34 (43.0) 45 (57.0)  
  1. b P < 0.05, a P < 0.01