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Table 4 Odds ratios* for likelihood of angina by risk factors in six LMICs, SAGE Wave 1

From: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and associated risk factors among older adults in six low-and middle-income countries: results from SAGE Wave 1

  China Ghana India Mexico Russian Federation South Africa
OR (95%CI) p value p value for trend OR (95%CI) p value p value for trend OR (95%CI) p value p value for trend OR (95%CI) p value p value for trend OR (95%CI) p value p value for trend OR (95%CI) p value p value for trend
Household wealth quintile
Q1 (Lowest) ref.    ref.    ref.    ref.    ref.    ref.   
Q2 0.92 [0.73 - 1.16] 0.472   0.94 [0.66 - 1.33] 0.733   0.62 [0.48 - 0.79] 0.000   0.71 [0.40 - 1.25] 0.232   0.96 [0.66 - 1.39] 0.818   0.84 [0.50 - 1.41] 0.502  
Q3 0.96 [0.77 - 1.20] 0.732   1.05 [0.74 - 1.48] 0.798   0.77 [0.60 - 0.98] 0.034   0.76 [0.41 - 1.39] 0.372   0.90 [0.62 - 1.29] 0.561   1.32 [0.82 - 2.14] 0.255  
Q4 0.66 [0.51 - 0.84] 0.001   0.92 [0.64 - 1.35] 0.683   0.77 [0.60 - 0.98] 0.032   0.77 [0.43 - 1.38] 0.378   0.69 [0.47 - 0.99] 0.047   1.75 [1.07 - 2.87] 0.026  
Q5 (Highest) 0.49 [0.38 - 0.64] 0.000 0.000 0.83 [0.54 - 1.28] 0.402 0.437 0.60 [0.46 - 0.79] 0.000 0.010 0.67 [0.35 - 1.29] 0.228 0.339 0.59 [0.40 - 0.87] 0.007 0.002 1.77 [1.02 - 3.06] 0.042 0.003
Tobacco use                   
Never smoker ref.    ref.    ref.    ref.    ref.    ref.   
Not current smoker 1.29 [0.90 - 1.84] 0.173   0.39 [0.21 - 0.70] 0.002   1.31 [0.91 - 1.87] 0.141   1.40 [0.77 - 2.55] 0.273   1.39 [0.93 - 2.08] 0.108   2.11 [1.23 - 3.61] 0.007  
Current smoker, not daily 0.82 [0.44 - 1.52] 0.524   0.78 [0.35 - 1.76] 0.558   1.56 [1.02 - 2.36] 0.039   2.03 [0.95 - 4.32] 0.068   0.76 [0.27 - 2.15] 0.610   1.36 [0.64 - 2.87] 0.418  
Current smoker, daily 0.81 [0.63 - 1.05] 0.107 0.092 1.06 [0.70 - 1.59] 0.787 0.757 0.94 [0.79 - 1.11] 0.463 0.530 1.59 [0.82 - 3.09] 0.173 0.069 0.98 [0.67 - 1.43] 0.914 0.555 1.22 [0.81 - 1.85] 0.341 0.422
Alcohol                   
Life time abstainer ref.    ref.    ref.    ref.    ref.    ref.   
Non-heavy drinkers 0.67 [0.51 - 0.87] 0.003   0.77 [0.59 - 1.01] 0.061   0.90 [0.65 - 1.24] 0.508   0.93 [0.50 - 1.70] 0.803   1.22 [0.92 - 1.61] 0.170   1.37 [0.84 - 2.21] 0.206  
Infrequent heavy drinkers 1.00 [0.45 - 2.25] 0.992   1.26 [0.41 - 3.83] 0.684   2.22 [0.82 - 6.02] 0.118   0.36 [0.08 - 1.62] 0.184   1.18 [0.72 - 1.93] 0.511   1.60 [0.75 - 3.42] 0.221  
Frequent heavy drinkers 0.84 [0.53 - 1.34] 0.473 0.902 0.25 [0.03 - 1.87] 0.176 0.240 1.09 [0.24 - 5.02] 0.915 0.631     1.43 [0.55 - 3.76] 0.463 0.483 0.61 [0.08 - 4.69] 0.632 0.672
Fruit and Vegetable intake
Sufficient                   
Insufficient 1.10 [0.89 - 1.34] 0.379   1.56 [1.19 - 2.05] 0.002   0.87 [0.68 - 1.11] 0.267   0.95 [0.58 - 1.56] 0.840   1.28 [0.96 - 1.71] 0.097   0.79 [0.56 - 1.11] 0.179  
Physical activity level
High ref.    ref.    ref.    ref.    ref.    ref.   
Moderate 1.46 [1.22 - 1.76] 0.000   1.42 [1.02 - 1.98] 0.039   1.20 [0.99 - 1.44] 0.060   0.57 [0.33 - 1.01] 0.055   1.08 [0.80 - 1.46] 0.628   1.07 [0.64 - 1.78] 0.808  
Low 1.66 [1.39 - 1.99] 0.000 0.000 0.89 [0.66 - 1.21] 0.460 0.460 1.14 [0.94 - 1.38] 0.182 0.182 0.79 [0.51 - 1.22] 0.285 0.285 1.20 [0.89 - 1.60] 0.228 0.228 0.97 [0.68 - 1.40] 0.889 0.889
Hypertension
No
Yes 1.79 [1.52 - 2.11] 0.000   1.14 [0.90 - 1.45] 0.281   1.32 [1.13 - 1.55] 0.000   1.01 [0.65 - 1.55] 0.972   3.80 [2.91 - 4.96] 0.000   1.09 [0.75 - 1.60] 0.651  
BMI
Normal ref.    ref.    ref.    ref.    ref.    ref.   
Underweight 0.78 [0.53 - 1.16] 0.216   0.77 [0.54 - 1.08] 0.126   1.14 [0.95 - 1.36] 0.151      1.00 [0.31 - 3.27] 0.998   0.89 [0.38 - 2.07] 0.789  
Overweight 0.94 [0.79 - 1.10] 0.439   1.05 [0.77 - 1.43] 0.770   1.16 [0.93 - 1.44] 0.193   0.83 [0.50 - 1.39] 0.482   1.04 [0.78 - 1.39] 0.803   0.72 [0.47 - 1.11] 0.138  
Obesity 1.24 [1.01 - 1.53] 0.043 0.04 1.05 [0.68 - 1.63] 0.810 0.226 1.28 [0.94 - 1.73] 0.118 0.332 1.39 [0.84 - 2.29] 0.197   1.48 [1.08 - 2.02] 0.015 0.507 1.23 [0.83 - 1.82] 0.294 0.626
  1. *Adjusted for age, sex, urban/rural setting, education and marital status