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Table 3 Demography and baseline characteristics of the study participants

From: Randomised-controlled trial of a web-based dietary intervention for patients with type 2 diabetes: changes in health cognitions and glycemic control

  e-intervention control Total
n = 66 n = 62 N (%)
Demographic characteristics
Age   49.6 (10.7) 51.5 (10.3) 50.5 (10.5)
Gender % male 62.1 75.8 60.2
Ethnic group % Malay 69.7 75.8 72.6
Education % tertiary 62.1 54.8 61.7
Occupation % employed 68.2 54.8 61.7
Personal income (MYR)   4837 (2571) 4813 (4672) 5166 (3816)
Medical condition
Diabetes duration (months) 111.1 (106.3) 81.8 (69.9) 96.9 (91.3)
Family history of diabetes % yes 84.8 82.3 83.6
Diabetes medication OHA 48.5 50.0 49.3
Insulin only 10.6 3.2 7.0
OHA + insulin 37.9 35.5 36.7
Unknown 3.0 11.3 7.0
Self-monitor blood glucose Daily 9.1 14.5 11.7
4–6 times/week 13.6 1.6 1.7
1–3 times/week 71.2 53.2 62.5
Less than once a week 3.0 6.5 4.7
No 15.2 24.2 19.5
Self-reported clinical history Hypoglycaemia 7.6 3.2 5.5
Heart disease 6.1 14.5 10.2
Kidney disease 1.5 0.0 0.8
Nerve disorder 3.0 8.1 5.5
Hypertension 54.5 48.4 53.1
Dyslipidaemia 48.5 43.5 46.1
Lifestyle
Total MET/weeka,b   879.0 (269.5) 620.3 (335.7) 733.0 (213.2)
Physical activity level Low 37.9 50.0 43.8
Moderate 39.4 30.6 35.2
High 22.7 19.4 21.0
Smoking % yes 13.6 17.7 15.6
Alcohol drinking % yes 10.6 4.8 7.8
Diet     
Total DKAB score   34.2 (5.2) 33.7 (5.5) 33.9 (5.4)
Total DSOC score   193.3 (14.6) 191.2 (16.2) 192.3 (15.4)
Glucose control     
Fasting blood glucose (mmol/L) 8.9 (3.9) 8.3 (2.9) 8.6 (3.5)
HbA1c (%)   9.1 (2.0) 8.9 (1.9) 9.0 (2.0)
  1. Data are presented as means (SD) and percentages, or as amedians (SE) for skewed data
  2. bAssessed based on International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ)
  3. Two-tailed independent t-test (or Mann Whitney Rank Test) and chi-square analysis (or Fisher Exact Test) were performed between study groups. None of the analysis were significant at p < 0.05